statisticstimes

List of countries by median age

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
The World Factbook
Date20 Apr 2020

The median age divides the population in two parts of equal size: that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It provides an important single indicator of the age distribution of a population.

Japan has the highest median age at 48.36 years followed by Italy at 47.29 years. 46 countries and dependent territories have median age over 40 years. Out of them, 31 belong to Europe, 9 to North America and 6 to Asia. 100 countries/territories have half of the population over 30 years.

With half of the population below 15.51 years, Niger is the youngest country of the world. 35 countries/regions have median age under 20 years in which first 17 and total 33 belong to Africa continent, Afghanistan and Solomon Islands are the remaining two.

As per The World Factbook, Monaco has highest median age at 55.4 years, 6.8 years more than 48.6 years of Japan. For male/female it ranges from 14.5/15.1 years in Niger to 53.7/57.0 years in Monaco.

Countries with greater median age tend to have lower fertility rate and higher life expectancy. In the list of top 50 countries by older population, only two have fertility rate over 2 and only 4 have life expectancy below 75 years. In the list of top 50 countries by younger population, all of them have fertility rate over 3 and only 7 have life expectancy above 70 years.

countries by median age
countries by median age thumbnail
median age
Median age (UN)
Rank Country/Region Median age Fertility rate Life expectancy Continent
Years (2020)2015-202015-20
194Burundi17.3205.4561.03Africa
161Comoros20.3704.2463.98Africa
126Djibouti26.5702.7666.54Africa
174Eritrea19.2094.1065.74Africa
170Ethiopia19.4664.3065.97Africa
163Kenya20.1193.5266.18Africa
169Madagascar19.5684.1166.49Africa
185Malawi18.0804.2563.43Africa
61Mauritius37.4571.3974.76Africa
165Mayotte20.0733.7379.35Africa
190Mozambique17.6204.8960.05Africa
66Réunion35.8952.2780.03Africa
166Rwanda20.0394.1068.44Africa
72Seychelles34.1812.4673.29Africa
197Somalia16.6836.1256.94Africa
176South Sudan19.0404.7457.43Africa
196Uganda16.7335.0162.76Africa
188United Republic of Tanzania17.9924.9264.84Africa
192Zambia17.5924.6663.26Africa
181Zimbabwe18.6683.6360.83Africa
198Angola16.6775.5560.54Africa
180Cameroon18.6884.6058.77Africa
191Central African Republic17.6114.7552.67Africa
199Chad16.5545.8053.80Africa
175Congo19.2044.4564.16Africa
195Democratic Republic of the Congo16.9885.9660.21Africa
152Equatorial Guinea22.3354.5558.25Africa
148Gabon22.5114.0066.06Africa
182Sao Tome and Principe18.6124.3570.05Africa
141Botswana24.0442.8969.10Africa
160Eswatini20.7293.0359.31Africa
142Lesotho24.0103.1653.51Africa
154Namibia21.8323.4263.02Africa
120South Africa27.6212.4163.62Africa
179Benin18.7814.8761.30Africa
193Burkina Faso17.5515.2360.92Africa
121Cabo Verde27.6042.2972.70Africa
177Côte d'Ivoire18.8544.6857.25Africa
189Gambia17.8445.2561.54Africa
155Ghana21.5073.8963.65Africa
187Guinea18.0204.7461.04Africa
178Guinea-Bissau18.8334.5157.82Africa
171Liberia19.4114.3563.60Africa
200Mali16.3475.9258.71Africa
164Mauritania20.1144.5964.61Africa
201Niger15.1516.9561.80Africa
186Nigeria18.0645.4254.18Africa
183Senegal18.5144.6567.47Africa
172Sierra Leone19.4024.3254.07Africa
173Togo19.3504.3560.53Africa
111Algeria28.5213.0576.59Africa
137Egypt24.6063.3371.74Africa
110Libya28.8172.2572.70Africa
106Morocco29.5382.4276.33Africa
168Sudan19.6594.4364.95Africa
80Tunisia32.8352.2076.41Africa
113Western Sahara28.4242.4169.86Africa
68Armenia35.3741.7674.87Asia
84Azerbaijan32.3332.0872.81Asia
83Bahrain32.4562.0077.10Asia
62Cyprus37.2501.3480.75Asia
55Georgia38.2682.0673.52Asia
157Iraq21.0403.6870.37Asia
99Israel30.4843.0482.74Asia
144Jordan23.7712.7774.33Asia
63Kuwait36.7812.1075.33Asia
105Lebanon29.5632.0978.82Asia
98Oman30.6042.9377.53Asia
86Qatar32.2641.8880.02Asia
90Saudi Arabia31.7972.3474.90Asia
159State of Palestine20.7693.6773.82Asia
132Syrian Arab Republic25.6212.8471.32Asia
91Turkey31.5492.0877.31Asia
81United Arab Emirates32.6211.4277.75Asia
162Yemen20.2213.8466.03Asia
97Kazakhstan30.6822.7673.23Asia
129Kyrgyzstan26.0343.0071.18Asia
150Tajikistan22.4163.6170.77Asia
124Turkmenistan26.9372.7967.98Asia
119Uzbekistan27.8092.4371.53Asia
184Afghanistan18.4384.5664.28Asia
122Bangladesh27.5672.0572.15Asia
115Bhutan28.1442.0071.28Asia
112India28.4262.2469.27Asia
89Iran (Islamic Republic of)31.9722.1576.35Asia
101Maldives29.9061.8878.47Asia
136Nepal24.6331.9370.31Asia
147Pakistan22.7823.5567.02Asia
74Sri Lanka33.9502.2176.73Asia
53China38.4221.6976.62Asia
9China, Hong Kong SAR44.7901.3384.63Asia
50China, Macao SAR39.2671.2084.04Asia
28China, Taiwan Province of China42.4551.1580.19Asia
70Dem. People's Republic of Korea35.3381.9171.96Asia
1Japan48.3581.3784.43Asia
114Mongolia28.1812.9069.55Asia
15Republic of Korea43.7341.1182.77Asia
85Brunei Darussalam32.3081.8575.66Asia
131Cambodia25.6312.5269.44Asia
102Indonesia29.7442.3271.41Asia
138Lao People's Democratic Republic24.3702.7067.44Asia
100Malaysia30.2622.0175.93Asia
109Myanmar28.9832.1766.76Asia
130Philippines25.6872.5871.04Asia
32Singapore42.2261.2183.39Asia
46Thailand40.1021.5376.83Asia
158Timor-Leste20.7954.1069.15Asia
82Viet Nam32.4902.0675.27Asia
73Antigua and Barbuda33.9762.0076.82North America
42Aruba41.0341.9076.08North America
87Bahamas32.2501.7673.73North America
43Barbados40.4931.6279.02North America
33Cuba42.2111.6278.69North America
37Curaçao41.5611.7678.63North America
116Dominican Republic28.0022.3673.81North America
88Grenada31.9822.0772.39North America
16Guadeloupe43.6982.1781.84North America
143Haiti24.0082.9663.52North America
96Jamaica30.7251.9974.33North America
3Martinique47.0321.8882.27North America
12Puerto Rico44.4671.2279.85North America
71Saint Lucia34.4951.4475.99North America
79Saint Vincent and the Grenadines32.8941.9072.36North America
65Trinidad and Tobago36.1761.7373.31North America
26United States Virgin Islands42.5832.0580.32North America
134Belize25.4822.3274.37North America
78Costa Rica33.4621.7680.00North America
123El Salvador27.5522.0572.99North America
146Guatemala22.8812.9073.94North America
140Honduras24.3442.4974.99North America
107Mexico29.1712.1474.98North America
127Nicaragua26.4642.4274.15North America
103Panama29.6772.4778.24North America
92Argentina31.5322.2776.45South America
133Bolivia (Plurinational State of)25.5602.7571.08South America
77Brazil33.4811.7475.56South America
69Chile35.3391.6579.96South America
94Colombia31.3071.8277.02South America
118Ecuador27.9302.4476.70South America
135French Guiana25.0813.3679.73South America
125Guyana26.6872.4769.71South America
128Paraguay26.3082.4574.08South America
95Peru30.9842.2776.41South America
108Suriname28.9882.4371.49South America
67Uruguay35.7601.9877.70South America
104Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)29.5922.2872.13South America
58Australia37.8751.8383.20Oceania
57New Zealand37.9731.9082.06Oceania
117Fiji27.9302.7967.27Oceania
75New Caledonia33.6161.9777.28Oceania
149Papua New Guinea22.4223.5964.15Oceania
167Solomon Islands19.8894.4472.77Oceania
156Vanuatu21.1123.8070.25Oceania
93Guam31.3732.3279.77Oceania
145Kiribati23.0403.5867.99Oceania
139Micronesia (Fed. States of)24.3623.0867.70Oceania
76French Polynesia33.5961.9577.38Oceania
153Samoa21.8353.9073.11Oceania
151Tonga22.4153.5870.74Oceania
45Belarus40.3351.7174.49Europe
10Bulgaria44.5961.5674.85Europe
20Czechia43.2031.6479.15Europe
18Hungary43.3361.4976.63Europe
35Poland41.6781.4278.46Europe
59Republic of Moldova37.5971.2671.68Europe
21Romania43.1711.6275.83Europe
49Russian Federation39.5861.8272.29Europe
38Slovakia41.2491.5077.31Europe
39Ukraine41.1781.4471.82Europe
27Channel Islands42.5521.5082.84Europe
31Denmark42.2981.7680.68Europe
29Estonia42.4241.5978.46Europe
22Finland43.1281.5381.64Europe
60Iceland37.4911.7782.77Europe
56Ireland38.2461.8482.05Europe
14Latvia43.9411.7275.05Europe
7Lithuania45.0511.6775.65Europe
47Norway39.8361.6882.18Europe
41Sweden41.0781.8582.57Europe
44United Kingdom40.4671.7581.15Europe
64Albania36.3991.6278.38Europe
23Bosnia and Herzegovina43.1081.2777.18Europe
13Croatia44.2911.4578.25Europe
6Greece45.5501.3081.98Europe
2Italy47.2881.3383.28Europe
25Malta42.5961.4582.29Europe
52Montenegro38.8001.7576.65Europe
51North Macedonia39.1381.5075.60Europe
4Portugal46.1581.2981.75Europe
36Serbia41.5751.4675.77Europe
11Slovenia44.5391.6081.08Europe
8Spain44.8581.3383.36Europe
17Austria43.4831.5381.35Europe
34Belgium41.9281.7181.39Europe
30France42.3381.8582.46Europe
5Germany45.7441.5981.10Europe
48Luxembourg39.7291.4582.00Europe
19Netherlands43.3141.6682.06Europe
24Switzerland43.0531.5483.56Europe
40Canada41.1241.5382.22North America
54United States of America38.3081.7878.81North America
World 30.904 2.47 72.28
Median age (The World Factbook)
Rank Country/Region Median age (Years)
TotalMaleFemaleYear
202Afghanistan19.519.419.52020
91Albania34.332.935.72020
139Algeria28.928.629.32020
149American Samoa27.226.727.72020
6Andorra46.246.346.12020
226Angola15.915.416.42020
81Anguilla35.733.737.62020
106Antigua and Barbuda32.730.734.42020
110Argentina32.431.133.62020
78Armenia36.635.138.32020
53Aruba39.938.241.52020
69Australia37.536.538.52020
14Austria44.543.145.82020
108Azerbaijan32.631.134.22020
104Bahamas, The32.831.734.02020
102Bahrain32.934.430.32020
143Bangladesh27.927.128.62020
55Barbados39.538.440.72020
48Belarus40.938.043.92020
44Belgium41.640.442.82020
172Belize23.923.024.82020
219Benin17.016.417.62020
23Bermuda43.641.645.72020
136Bhutan29.129.628.62020
160Bolivia25.324.526.02020
27Bosnia and Herzegovina43.341.644.82020
157Botswana25.724.526.72020
101Brazil33.232.334.12020
71British Virgin Islands37.237.037.52020
116Brunei31.130.531.82020
20Bulgaria43.741.945.62020
217Burkina Faso17.917.018.72020
133Burma29.228.330.02020
218Burundi17.717.418.02020
151Cabo Verde26.825.927.62020
153Cambodia26.425.627.22020
210Cameroon18.518.218.82020
40Canada41.840.642.92020
51Cayman Islands40.539.741.22020
195Central African Republic20.019.720.32020
224Chad16.115.616.52020
83Chile35.534.336.72020
62China38.437.539.42020
115Colombia31.230.232.22020
189Comoros20.920.221.52020
223Congo, Democratic Republic of the16.716.516.82020
203Congo, Republic of the19.519.319.72020
64Cook Islands38.337.838.72020
109Costa Rica32.632.133.12020
191Cote d'Ivoire20.320.320.32020
18Croatia43.942.045.92020
37Cuba42.140.243.82020
77Curacao36.734.439.52020
65Cyprus37.936.739.42020
28Czechia43.342.044.72020
38Denmark42.040.943.12020
163Djibouti24.923.026.42020
87Dominica34.934.435.52020
144Dominican Republic27.927.828.12020
140Ecuador28.828.029.62020
166Egypt24.123.824.52020
145El Salvador27.726.229.32020
192Equatorial Guinea20.319.920.72020
193Eritrea20.319.720.82020
21Estonia43.740.447.02020
174Eswatini23.722.524.72020
198Ethiopia19.819.620.12020
72Faroe Islands37.236.937.72020
125Fiji29.929.730.12020
31Finland42.841.344.42020
43France41.740.043.42020
98French Polynesia33.333.033.52020
187Gabon21.021.420.62020
182Gambia, The21.821.522.22020
214Gaza Strip18.017.718.42020
60Georgia38.635.941.42020
4Germany47.846.549.12020
185Ghana21.421.021.92020
84Gibraltar35.534.436.62020
9Greece45.343.746.82020
92Greenland34.335.133.42020
99Grenada33.333.133.42020
130Guam29.428.730.22020
178Guatemala23.222.623.82020
17Guernsey44.343.045.62020
206Guinea19.118.919.42020
215Guinea-Bissau18.017.418.62020
146Guyana27.527.227.92020
167Haiti24.123.824.32020
165Honduras24.423.525.22020
7Hong Kong45.644.246.52020
24Hungary43.641.545.52020
74Iceland37.136.637.72020
141India28.728.029.52020
117Indonesia31.130.531.82020
113Iran31.731.532.02020
186Iraq21.220.821.62020
66Ireland37.837.438.22020
12Isle of Man44.643.645.62020
121Israel30.429.831.02020
5Italy46.545.447.52020
131Jamaica29.428.630.12020
2Japan48.647.250.02020
70Jersey37.536.039.52020
175Jordan23.523.922.92020
114Kazakhstan31.630.332.82020
196Kenya20.019.920.12020
158Kiribati25.724.826.62020
89Korea, North34.633.236.22020
29Korea, South43.241.645.02020
120Kosovo30.530.230.82020
127Kuwait29.730.727.92020
147Kyrgyzstan27.326.128.52020
170Laos24.023.724.42020
16Latvia44.440.548.02020
95Lebanon33.733.134.42020
164Lesotho24.724.724.72020
216Liberia18.017.718.22020
156Libya25.825.925.72020
22Liechtenstein43.742.045.32020
15Lithuania44.540.248.22020
56Luxembourg39.538.940.02020
49Macau40.840.740.92020
194Madagascar20.320.120.52020
222Malawi16.816.716.92020
134Malaysia29.228.929.62020
129Maldives29.529.230.02020
225Mali16.015.316.72020
35Malta42.341.243.52020
173Marshall Islands23.823.623.92020
188Mauritania21.020.122.02020
80Mauritius36.335.037.62020
132Mexico29.328.230.42020
154Micronesia, Federated States of26.325.527.12020
68Moldova37.736.239.52020
1Monaco55.453.757.02020
126Mongolia29.828.830.72020
54Montenegro39.638.141.12020
88Montserrat34.834.135.62020
137Morocco29.128.729.62020
220Mozambique17.016.317.62020
183Namibia21.821.122.62020
150Nauru27.028.225.92020
161Nepal25.323.926.92020
32Netherlands42.841.644.02020
103New Caledonia32.932.133.72020
73New Zealand37.236.437.92020
148Nicaragua27.326.428.22020
228Niger14.814.515.12020
208Nigeria18.618.418.92020
58North Macedonia39.038.040.02020
105Northern Mariana Islands32.831.834.12020
57Norway39.538.840.22020
155Oman26.227.225.12020
180Pakistan22.021.922.12020
94Palau33.932.935.92020
122Panama30.129.630.52020
171Papua New Guinea24.024.024.02020
128Paraguay29.729.529.92020
138Peru29.128.329.92020
168Philippines24.123.624.62020
39Poland41.940.343.62020
13Portugal44.642.746.52020
25Puerto Rico43.641.645.32020
96Qatar33.735.028.22020
34Romania42.541.044.02020
52Russia40.337.543.22020
200Rwanda19.718.920.42020
8Saint Barthelemy45.645.545.82020
30Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha43.243.243.32020
79Saint Kitts and Nevis36.536.736.32020
75Saint Lucia36.935.738.02020
100Saint Martin33.332.534.12020
3Saint Pierre and Miquelon48.547.949.02020
86Saint Vincent and the Grenadines35.335.435.12020
159Samoa25.625.326.02020
10San Marino45.243.946.32020
205Sao Tome and Principe19.318.919.72020
119Saudi Arabia30.833.027.92020
204Senegal19.418.520.32020
26Serbia43.441.745.02020
76Seychelles36.836.337.42020
207Sierra Leone19.118.519.72020
82Singapore35.635.435.72020
46Sint Maarten41.139.642.72020
41Slovakia41.840.143.62020
11Slovenia44.943.446.62020
176Solomon Islands23.523.223.72020
211Somalia18.518.718.32020
142South Africa28.027.928.12020
209South Sudan18.618.918.32020
19Spain43.942.745.12020
97Sri Lanka33.732.335.12020
212Sudan18.318.118.52020
118Suriname31.030.631.42020
47Sweden41.140.142.12020
33Switzerland42.741.743.72020
177Syria23.523.024.02020
36Taiwan42.341.543.12020
162Tajikistan25.324.626.02020
213Tanzania18.217.918.42020
59Thailand39.037.840.12020
201Timor-Leste19.618.920.22020
197Togo20.019.720.32020
169Tonga24.123.624.52020
67Trinidad and Tobago37.837.338.32020
107Tunisia32.732.033.32020
111Turkey32.231.732.82020
135Turkmenistan29.228.729.72020
90Turks and Caicos Islands34.634.934.42020
152Tuvalu26.625.627.62020
227Uganda15.714.916.52020
45Ukraine41.238.244.32020
63United Arab Emirates38.440.431.52020
50United Kingdom40.639.641.72020
61United States38.537.239.82020
85Uruguay35.533.837.32020
123Uzbekistan30.129.430.72020
179Vanuatu23.022.623.52020
124Venezuela30.029.430.72020
112Vietnam31.930.833.02020
42Virgin Islands41.840.642.82020
93Wallis and Futuna34.033.135.12020
181West Bank21.921.722.22020
184Western Sahara21.821.422.32020
199Yemen19.819.619.9
221Zambia16.916.717.02020
190Zimbabwe20.520.320.62020