Statistics and charts

Population of India

India is the second most populated country of the world after China. Population of India is estimated at 1.282 billion in 2015, compare to 1.267 billion in 2014. Population of India has increased by 1.5 crore in a year. This number is more than 71th ranked country Zimbabwe.

According to the Census of India 2011, the population of India stood at 1,210,854,977 comprising of 623,270,258 males and 587,584,719 females. India accounts for a meagre 2.4 percent of the world surface area of 135.79 million square kms yet it supports and sustains a whopping 17.5 percent of the world population. It is now estimated that by 2028, India will most likely overtake China to become the most populous country on the earth with 1.45 billion people. And by 2033, India will cross the 1.5 billion mark. Population of India will decrease after 2064.

The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 was 17.70%, 3.84% lower than 1991-2001 period. The percentage decadal growth during 2001-2011 has registered the sharpest decline since independence. Population of India has increased by 182.1 million during the decade 2001- 2011. The increased population during the decade 2001-2011 is approximately equal to the population of pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world.

Population of India, which at the turn of the twentieth century, was only around 238.4 million increased by more than five times in a period of 110 years to reach 1210 million at 2011. Population of India increased by 3.35 times since independence.

68.86% Indian lives in rural areas and 31.14% lives in urban areas. Sex ratio of India has improved by 10 from 933 in 2001 to 943 in 2011. In rural area sex raio is 949 and in urban area sex ratio is 929.

Share of population in the age group 0-14 is 30.96 percent. Share of economically active population (15-59 years) is 60.29 percent. 8.58% Indian has age more than 60 year.

Five most populated states are : Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh. These five states account for 48.92% of total India's population.

Population density of India is 382. Five most dense states are : Bihar, West Bengal, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. These five states account for 48.92% of total India's population.

Census (1901-2011)
YearPopulationDecadal Growth (%) Change in Growth (%)
1901 238,396,327 --
1911 252,093,390 5.75-
1921 251,321,213 -0.31 -6.06
1931 278,977,238 11.00 11.31
1941 318,660,580 14.22 3.22
1951 361,088,090 13.31 -0.91
1961 439,234,771 21.64 8.33
1971 548,159,652 24.80 3.16
1981 683,329,097 24.66 -0.14
1991 846,421,039 23.87 -0.79
2001 1,028,737,436 21.54 -2.33
2011 1,210,854,977 17.70 -3.84
Population in 5 year Age Group (2011)
Age groupTotalRural Urban
PersonsShare (%)PersonsShare (%) PersonsShare (%)
00-04 112,806,778 9.32 82,986,660 9.95 29,820,118 7.91
05-09 126,928,126 10.48 93,807,612 11.25 33,120,514 8.78
10-14 132,709,212 10.96 96,804,494 11.61 35,904,718 9.52
15-19 120,526,449 9.95 83,902,472 10.06 36,623,977 9.71
20-24 111,424,222 9.20 73,835,046 8.86 37,589,176 9.97
25-29 101,413,965 8.38 66,068,270 7.92 35,345,695 9.37
30-34 88,594,951 7.32 57,911,779 6.95 30,683,172 8.14
35-39 85,140,684 7.03 56,062,707 6.72 29,077,977 7.71
40-44 72,438,112 5.98 47,581,008 5.71 24,857,104 6.59
45-49 62,318,327 5.15 40,688,228 4.88 21,630,099 5.74
50-54 49,069,254 4.05 32,031,788 3.84 17,037,466 4.52
55-59 39,146,055 3.23 25,861,514 3.10 13,284,541 3.52
60-64 37,663,707 3.11 26,291,245 3.15 11,372,462 3.02
65-69 26,454,983 2.18 18,916,270 2.27 7,538,713 2.00
70-74 19,208,842 1.59 13,807,600 1.66 5,401,242 1.43
75-79 9,232,503 0.76 6,383,717 0.77 2,848,786 0.76
80+ 11,289,005 0.93 7,894,990 0.95 3,394,015 0.90
Age not stated 4,489,802 0.37 2,913,452 0.35 1,576,350 0.42
Estimates by UN
YearPopulation
2010 1,205,625,000
2015 1,282,390,000
2020 1,353,305,000
2025 1,418,744,000
2030 1,476,378,000
2035 1,525,369,000
2040 1,565,509,000
2045 1,596,877,000
2050 1,620,051,000
2055 1,635,452,000
2060 1,643,519,000
2065 1,644,750,000
2070 1,640,126,000
2075 1,630,683,000
2080 1,617,471,000
2085 1,601,608,000
2090 1,584,183,000
2095 1,565,809,000
2100 1,546,833,000
population of india 1901-2011
population of india by age group