Statistics and charts

Sex Ratio of India

Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per thousand males. As per Census 2011, Sex ratio of India is 943. In absolute terms, India has 48.53% female population compare to 51.47% male population. India has 35,685,539 more males population than females population. In rural area, there are 949 females to 1000 men, while in urban area there are 929 females to 1000 males. Rural India has 21,813,264 more males and urban India has 13,872,275 more males than females.

According to United Nations, India has 106.98 males per 100 females in 2015. It means that India has 935 females per 1000 males. World has 101.7 males per 100 females. India is at 192th position out of 201 countries. Among Asian countries, India is at 42 postion out of 50.

India's Sex Ratio has improved by number 10 from 933 in 2001 to 943 in 2011. In rural and urban India, Sex ratio has improved by number 3 and 29, respectively. In period 1991-2001, Sex ratio was improved by number 6 from 927 in 1991 to 933 in 2001. In 1901, India had the highest sex ratio of 972.

Child (0-6) Sex ratio of India is 918. India has lowest ratio of 884 in age group 15-19. Age group (0-19) : 908, Age group (15-44) : 945, Age group (15-59) : 944, Age group (60+) : 1033.

Among states, Kerala has highest sex ratio of 1084 females to 1000 males and Haryana has the lowest sex ratio of 879 females per 1000 males. Among union territories, Puducherry has highest sex ratio of 1037 and Daman & Diu has lowest sex ratio of 618.

Census (1901-2011)
YearSex Ratio Decadal change
Total RuralUrban
1901 972 - - -
1911 964 - - -8
1921 955 - - -9
1931 950 - - -5
1941 945 - - -5
1951 946 965 860 1
1961 941 963 845 -5
1971 930 949 858 -11
1981 934 951 879 4
1991 927 938 893 -7
2001 933 946 900 6
2011 943 949 929 10
Population in 5 year Age Group (2011)
Age groupTotal RuralUrban
MaleFemaleRatioMaleFemaleRatio MaleFemaleRatio
00-04 58,632,074 54,174,704 924 43,036,377 39,950,283 928 15,595,697 14,224,421 912
05-09 66,300,466 60,627,660 914 48,825,259 44,982,353 921 17,475,207 15,645,307 895
10-14 69,418,835 63,290,377 912 50,488,158 46,316,336 917 18,930,677 16,974,041 897
15-19 63,982,396 56,544,053 884 44,570,557 39,331,915 882 19,411,839 17,212,138 887
20-24 57,584,693 53,839,529 935 38,138,662 35,696,384 936 19,446,031 18,143,145 933
25-29 51,344,208 50,069,757 975 33,375,989 32,692,281 980 17,968,219 17,377,476 967
30-34 44,660,674 43,934,277 984 28,934,192 28,977,587 1,001 15,726,482 14,956,690 951
35-39 42,919,381 42,221,303 984 28,125,561 27,937,146 993 14,793,820 14,284,157 966
40-44 37,545,386 34,892,726 929 24,565,235 23,015,773 937 12,980,151 11,876,953 915
45-49 32,138,114 30,180,213 939 20,864,270 19,823,958 950 11,273,844 10,356,255 919
50-54 25,843,266 23,225,988 899 16,789,547 15,242,241 908 9,053,719 7,983,747 882
55-59 19,456,012 19,690,043 1,012 12,536,529 13,324,985 1,063 6,919,483 6,365,058 920
60-64 18,701,749 18,961,958 1,014 12,931,592 13,359,653 1,033 5,770,157 5,602,305 971
65-69 12,944,326 13,510,657 1,044 9,208,311 9,707,959 1,054 3,736,015 3,802,698 1,018
70-74 9,651,499 9,557,343 990 6,978,179 6,829,421 979 2,673,320 2,727,922 1,020
75-79 4,490,603 4,741,900 1,056 3,113,424 3,270,293 1,050 1,377,179 1,471,607 1,069
80+ 5,283,695 6,005,310 1,137 3,765,796 4,129,194 1,096 1,517,899 1,876,116 1,236
Age not stated 2,372,881 2,116,921 892 1,533,420 1,380,032 900 839,461 736,889 878
Total 623,270,258 587,584,719 943 427,781,058 405,967,794 949 195,489,200 181,616,925 929
sex ratio of india 1901-2011
sex ratio of india by age group