Sex ratio of India

Source Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date18 March 2020

According to the United Nations, Sex ratio is defined as the number of males per 100 females. Sex Ratio of India is 108.176, i.e., 108.176 males per 100 females in 2020. It means that India has 924 females per 1000 males. In absolute terms, India has 48.04% female population compare to 51.96% male population. India has 54,197,555 more males population than females population. India is at 189th position out of 201 countries in terms of female to male ratio. Among Asian countries, India is at 43th position out of 51.

As per Census 2011, Gender ratio of India is 943 females per 1000 males. In rural area, there are 949 females to 1000 men, while in urban area there are 929 females to 1000 males. Rural India has 21,813,264 more males and urban India has 13,872,275 more males than females. India's Sex Ratio has improved by number 10 from 933 in 2001 to 943 in 2011. In rural and urban India, Sex ratio has improved by number 3 and 29, respectively. In 1901, India had the highest sex ratio of 972.

As of 2020, India has more males than females untill 64-69 age group and there are 10 more males per 100 females untill 34-69 age group. Above 25-29 age, ratio of females population keep improving and there are almost double women than men above 100 year.

Among states, Kerala has highest sex ratio of 1084 females to 1000 males and Haryana has the lowest sex ratio of 879 females per 1000 males. Among union territories, Puducherry has highest sex ratio of 1037 and Daman & Diu has lowest sex ratio of 618.

Census (1901-2011)
Year Sex Ratio Decadal change
TotalRuralUrban
1901 972 - - -
1911 964 - - -8
1921 955 - - -9
1931 950 - - -5
1941 945 - - -5
1951 946 965 860 1
1961 941 963 845 -5
1971 930 949 858 -11
1981 934 951 879 4
1991 927 938 893 -7
2001 933 946 900 6
2011 943 949 929 10
Sex Ratio in 5 year Age Group (2011)
Age group Rural Urban Total
00-04 928 912 924
05-09 921 895 914
10-14 917 897 912
15-19 882 887 884
20-24 936 933 935
25-29 980 967 975
30-34 1,001 951 984
35-39 993 966 984
40-44 937 915 929
45-49 950 919 939
50-54 908 882 899
55-59 1,063 920 1,012
60-64 1,033 971 1,014
65-69 1,054 1,018 1,044
70-74 979 1,020 990
75-79 1,050 1,069 1,056
80+ 1,096 1,236 1,137
Age not stated 900 878 892
Total 949929943
Estimates by UN
Year Males per 100 Females Females per 100 Males
1950105.39994.878
1951105.51794.771
1952105.64394.658
1953105.77294.543
1954105.90394.426
1955106.03394.310
1956106.16094.197
1957106.28494.088
1958106.40493.981
1959106.52193.878
1960106.63393.780
1961106.74093.686
1962106.84293.596
1963106.93793.513
1964107.02493.437
1965107.10393.368
1966107.17393.307
1967107.23493.254
1968107.28893.207
1969107.33793.165
1970107.38393.125
1971107.42593.088
1972107.46593.054
1973107.50093.023
1974107.52593.002
1975107.54192.988
1976107.54592.984
1977107.54292.987
1978107.53792.991
1979107.53692.992
1980107.54492.985
1981107.56292.970
1982107.58892.947
1983107.62192.919
1984107.65892.887
1985107.69792.853
1986107.73792.819
1987107.77892.783
1988107.82192.746
1989107.86692.708
1990107.91392.667
1991107.96292.625
1992108.01192.583
1993108.05992.542
1994108.10692.502
1995108.14992.465
1996108.18992.431
1997108.22592.400
1998108.25892.372
1999108.28992.345
2000108.32092.319
2001108.35192.293
2002108.37992.269
2003108.40592.247
2004108.42892.227
2005108.44592.213
2006108.45892.202
2007108.46692.195
2008108.46892.193
2009108.46492.196
2010108.45292.207
2011108.43392.223
2012108.40792.245
2013108.37792.271
2014108.34592.298
2015108.31592.323
2016108.28692.348
2017108.25892.372
2018108.23192.395
2019108.20492.418
Projections by UN
Year Males per 100 Females Females per 100 Males
2020108.17692.442
2021108.14792.467
2022108.11792.492
2023108.08592.520
2024108.05092.550
2025108.01192.583
2026107.96892.620
2027107.92092.661
2028107.86892.706
2029107.81292.754
2030107.75292.806
2031107.68992.860
2032107.62292.918
2033107.55192.979
2034107.47793.043
2035107.40093.110
2036107.31993.180
2037107.23693.252
2038107.15093.327
2039107.06193.405
2040106.97093.484
2041106.87793.566
2042106.78293.649
2043106.68593.734
2044106.58893.819
2045106.49193.905
2046106.39493.990
2047106.29894.075
2048106.20194.161
2049106.10594.246
2050106.00994.332
2051105.91394.417
2052105.81794.503
2053105.72194.589
2054105.62794.673
2055105.53294.758
2056105.43994.842
2057105.34794.924
2058105.25595.007
2059105.16495.090
2060105.07495.171
2061104.98495.253
2062104.89595.333
2063104.80795.413
2064104.72095.493
2065104.63595.570
2066104.55295.646
2067104.47195.720
2068104.39295.793
2069104.31595.863
2070104.24095.932
2071104.16895.999
2072104.09896.063
2073104.03196.125
2074103.96696.185
2075103.90496.243
2076103.84496.298
2077103.78696.352
2078103.73196.403
2079103.68096.451
2080103.63396.494
2081103.58996.535
2082103.55096.572
2083103.51496.605
2084103.48396.634
2085103.45596.660
2086103.43096.684
2087103.41096.702
2088103.39396.718
2089103.38096.731
2090103.37096.740
2091103.36396.746
2092103.36096.749
2093103.36196.748
2094103.36596.745
2095103.37296.738
2096103.38496.727
2097103.39996.713
2098103.41896.695
2099103.44196.673
2100103.46796.649
Sex Ratio in 5 year Age Group in 2020 (UN)
Age group Male Female
00-04 110.022 90.891
05-09 110.288 90.672
10-14 110.775 90.273
15-19 112.288 89.056
20-24 112.538 88.859
25-29 112.069 89.230
30-34 110.457 90.533
35-39 109.153 91.615
40-44 106.980 93.475
45-49 105.359 94.914
50-54 104.542 95.656
55-59 103.588 96.536
60-64 102.062 97.980
65-69 100.398 99.604
70-74 93.295 107.186
75-79 88.057 113.563
80-84 82.264 121.561
85-89 80.570 124.116
90-94 78.660 127.130
95-99 70.099 142.656
100+ 56.163 178.052
Total 108.176 92.442