statisticstimes

List of countries by fertility rate

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
The World Factbook
Date20 Apr 2020

The total fertility rate (TFR) or often simply ‘fertility rate’ in a specific year is defined as the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in alignment with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

Niger has the highest fertility rate of 6.95 children per woman followed by Somalia at 6.12. 11 countries/regions have TFR above 5. 40 countries/territories have fertility rate over 4 in which first 22 and total 37 belong to Africa. Afghanistan, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste are the remaining three.

Out of 201 countries and dependent territories estimated by UN, 109 have fertility rate more than population replacement level of 2.1 births per woman. Replacement fertility is the total fertility rate at which women give birth to enough babies to sustain population levels.

First 4 entrants having lowest fertility rate in Asia : Republic of Korea (1.11), Taiwan (1.15), Macao (1.20) and Singapore (1.21). Puerto Rico, which is located in North America has 5th lowest figure followed by five European country.

Countries with higher fertility rate tend to have lower median age and higher population growth rate. In the list of top 50 countries by higher fertility rate, all have median age below 23 years and only one has population growth rate below 1% and 8 have below 2%. In the list of top 50 countries by lowest fertility rate, only two have median age less than 35 years and only three have population growth rate over 1%.

countries by fertility rate
countries by fertility rate thumbnail
median age
Fertility rate (UN)
Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Median age Population Continent
2015-20Years (2020)2020Growth (%)
7Burundi5.4517.32011,890,7843.12Africa
35Comoros4.2420.370869,6012.20Africa
74Djibouti2.7626.570988,0001.48Africa
38Eritrea4.1019.2093,546,4211.41Africa
33Ethiopia4.3019.466114,963,5882.57Africa
54Kenya3.5220.11953,771,2962.28Africa
36Madagascar4.1119.56827,691,0182.68Africa
34Malawi4.2518.08019,129,9522.69Africa
187Mauritius1.3937.4571,271,7680.17Africa
45Mayotte3.7320.073272,8152.50Africa
13Mozambique4.8917.62031,255,4352.93Africa
99Réunion2.2735.895895,3120.72Africa
39Rwanda4.1020.03912,952,2182.58Africa
82Seychelles2.4634.18198,3470.62Africa
2Somalia6.1216.68315,893,2222.92Africa
17South Sudan4.7419.04011,193,7251.19Africa
11Uganda5.0116.73345,741,0073.32Africa
12United Republic of Tanzania4.9217.99259,734,2182.98Africa
19Zambia4.6617.59218,383,9552.93Africa
48Zimbabwe3.6318.66814,862,9241.48Africa
6Angola5.5516.67732,866,2723.27Africa
21Cameroon4.6018.68826,545,8632.59Africa
15Central African Republic4.7517.6114,829,7671.78Africa
5Chad5.8016.55416,425,8643.00Africa
26Congo4.4519.2045,518,0872.56Africa
3Democratic Republic of the Congo5.9616.98889,561,4033.19Africa
24Equatorial Guinea4.5522.3351,402,9853.47Africa
40Gabon4.0022.5112,225,7342.45Africa
29Sao Tome and Principe4.3518.612219,1591.91Africa
68Botswana2.8924.0442,351,6272.08Africa
62Eswatini3.0320.7291,160,1641.05Africa
58Lesotho3.1624.0102,142,2490.80Africa
55Namibia3.4221.8322,540,9051.86Africa
89South Africa2.4127.62159,308,6901.28Africa
14Benin4.8718.78112,123,2002.73Africa
10Burkina Faso5.2317.55120,903,2732.86Africa
96Cabo Verde2.2927.604555,9871.10Africa
18Côte d'Ivoire4.6818.85426,378,2742.57Africa
9Gambia5.2517.8442,416,6682.94Africa
42Ghana3.8921.50731,072,9402.15Africa
16Guinea4.7418.02013,132,7952.83Africa
25Guinea-Bissau4.5118.8331,968,0012.45Africa
31Liberia4.3519.4115,057,6812.44Africa
4Mali5.9216.34720,250,8333.02Africa
22Mauritania4.5920.1144,649,6582.74Africa
1Niger6.9515.15124,206,6443.84Africa
8Nigeria5.4218.064206,139,5892.58Africa
20Senegal4.6518.51416,743,9272.75Africa
32Sierra Leone4.3219.4027,976,9832.10Africa
30Togo4.3519.3508,278,7242.43Africa
60Algeria3.0528.52143,851,0441.85Africa
57Egypt3.3324.606102,334,4041.94Africa
101Libya2.2528.8176,871,2921.38Africa
87Morocco2.4229.53836,910,5601.20Africa
28Sudan4.4319.65943,849,2602.42Africa
104Tunisia2.2032.83511,818,6191.06Africa
90Western Sahara2.4128.424597,3392.55Africa
145Armenia1.7635.3742,963,2430.19Asia
112Azerbaijan2.0832.33310,139,1770.91Asia
120Bahrain2.0032.4561,701,5753.68Asia
189Cyprus1.3437.2501,207,3590.73Asia
115Georgia2.0638.2683,989,167-0.19Asia
46Iraq3.6821.04040,222,4932.32Asia
61Israel3.0430.4848,655,5351.60Asia
72Jordan2.7723.77110,203,1341.00Asia
109Kuwait2.1036.7814,270,5711.51Asia
110Lebanon2.0929.5636,825,445-0.44Asia
65Oman2.9330.6045,106,6262.65Asia
134Qatar1.8832.2642,881,0531.73Asia
92Saudi Arabia2.3431.79734,813,8711.59Asia
47State of Palestine3.6720.7695,101,4142.41Asia
69Syrian Arab Republic2.8425.62117,500,6582.52Asia
111Turkey2.0831.54984,339,0671.09Asia
185United Arab Emirates1.4232.6219,890,4021.23Asia
43Yemen3.8420.22129,825,9642.28Asia
73Kazakhstan2.7630.68218,776,7071.21Asia
63Kyrgyzstan3.0026.0346,524,1951.69Asia
49Tajikistan3.6122.4169,537,6452.32Asia
70Turkmenistan2.7926.9376,031,2001.50Asia
85Uzbekistan2.4327.80933,469,2031.48Asia
23Afghanistan4.5618.43838,928,3462.33Asia
118Bangladesh2.0527.567164,689,3831.01Asia
121Bhutan2.0028.144771,6081.12Asia
102India2.2428.4261,380,004,3850.99Asia
107Iran (Islamic Republic of)2.1531.97283,992,9491.30Asia
133Maldives1.8829.906540,5441.81Asia
127Nepal1.9324.63329,136,8081.85Asia
53Pakistan3.5522.782220,892,3402.00Asia
103Sri Lanka2.2133.95021,413,2490.42Asia
156China1.6938.4221,439,323,7760.39Asia
191China, Hong Kong SAR1.3344.7907,496,9810.82Asia
199China, Macao SAR1.2039.267649,3351.39Asia
200China, Taiwan Province of China1.1542.45523,816,7750.18Asia
128Dem. People's Republic of Korea1.9135.33825,778,8160.44Asia
188Japan1.3748.358126,476,461-0.30Asia
66Mongolia2.9028.1813,278,2901.65Asia
201Republic of Korea1.1143.73451,269,1850.09Asia
135Brunei Darussalam1.8532.308437,4790.97Asia
78Cambodia2.5225.63116,718,9651.41Asia
95Indonesia2.3229.744273,523,6151.07Asia
76Lao People's Democratic Republic2.7024.3707,275,5601.48Asia
119Malaysia2.0130.26232,365,9991.30Asia
105Myanmar2.1728.98354,409,8000.67Asia
77Philippines2.5825.687109,581,0781.35Asia
198Singapore1.2142.2265,850,3420.79Asia
173Thailand1.5340.10269,799,9780.25Asia
37Timor-Leste4.1020.7951,318,4451.96Asia
114Viet Nam2.0632.49097,338,5790.91Asia
122Antigua and Barbuda2.0033.97697,9290.84North America
129Aruba1.9041.034106,7660.43North America
148Bahamas1.7632.250393,2440.97North America
163Barbados1.6240.493287,3750.12North America
164Cuba1.6242.21111,326,616-0.06North America
147Curaçao1.7641.561164,0930.41North America
91Dominican Republic2.3628.00210,847,9101.01North America
113Grenada2.0731.982112,5230.46North America
106Guadeloupe2.1743.698400,1240.02North America
64Haiti2.9624.00811,402,5281.24North America
123Jamaica1.9930.7252,961,1670.44North America
132Martinique1.8847.032375,265-0.08North America
197Puerto Rico1.2244.4672,860,853-2.47North America
184Saint Lucia1.4434.495183,6270.46North America
130Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.9032.894110,9400.32North America
152Trinidad and Tobago1.7336.1761,399,4880.32North America
117United States Virgin Islands2.0542.583104,425-0.15North America
94Belize2.3225.482397,6281.86North America
146Costa Rica1.7633.4625,094,1180.92North America
116El Salvador2.0527.5526,486,2050.51North America
67Guatemala2.9022.88117,915,5681.90North America
79Honduras2.4924.3449,904,6071.63North America
108Mexico2.1429.171128,932,7531.06North America
88Nicaragua2.4226.4646,624,5541.21North America
81Panama2.4729.6774,314,7671.61North America
100Argentina2.2731.53245,195,7740.93South America
75Bolivia (Plurinational State of)2.7525.56011,673,0211.39South America
151Brazil1.7433.481212,559,4170.72South America
160Chile1.6535.33919,116,2010.87South America
140Colombia1.8231.30750,882,8911.08South America
84Ecuador2.4427.93017,643,0541.55South America
56French Guiana3.3625.081298,6822.70South America
80Guyana2.4726.687786,5520.48South America
83Paraguay2.4526.3087,132,5381.25South America
98Peru2.2730.98432,971,8541.42South America
86Suriname2.4328.988586,6320.90South America
124Uruguay1.9835.7603,473,7300.35South America
97Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)2.2829.59228,435,940-0.28South America
139Australia1.8337.87525,499,8841.18Oceania
131New Zealand1.9037.9734,822,2330.82Oceania
71Fiji2.7927.930896,4450.73Oceania
125New Caledonia1.9733.616285,4980.97Oceania
50Papua New Guinea3.5922.4228,947,0241.95Oceania
27Solomon Islands4.4419.889686,8842.55Oceania
44Vanuatu3.8021.112307,1452.42Oceania
93Guam2.3231.373168,7750.89Oceania
51Kiribati3.5823.040119,4491.57Oceania
59Micronesia (Fed. States of)3.0824.362115,0231.06Oceania
126French Polynesia1.9533.596280,9080.58Oceania
41Samoa3.9021.835198,4140.67Oceania
52Tonga3.5822.415105,6951.15Oceania
154Belarus1.7140.3359,449,323-0.03Europe
169Bulgaria1.5644.5966,948,445-0.74Europe
161Czechia1.6443.20310,708,9810.18Europe
178Hungary1.4943.3369,660,351-0.25Europe
186Poland1.4241.67837,846,611-0.11Europe
196Republic of Moldova1.2637.5974,033,963-0.23Europe
165Romania1.6243.17119,237,691-0.66Europe
141Russian Federation1.8239.586145,934,4620.04Europe
176Slovakia1.5041.2495,459,6420.05Europe
183Ukraine1.4441.17843,733,762-0.59Europe
175Channel Islands1.5042.552173,8630.93Europe
144Denmark1.7642.2985,792,2020.35Europe
168Estonia1.5942.4241,326,5350.07Europe
172Finland1.5343.1285,540,7200.15Europe
143Iceland1.7737.491341,2430.65Europe
138Ireland1.8438.2464,937,7861.13Europe
153Latvia1.7243.9411,886,198-1.08Europe
158Lithuania1.6745.0512,722,289-1.35Europe
157Norway1.6839.8365,421,2410.79Europe
136Sweden1.8541.07810,099,2650.63Europe
149United Kingdom1.7540.46767,886,0110.53Europe
162Albania1.6236.3992,877,797-0.11Europe
195Bosnia and Herzegovina1.2743.1083,280,819-0.61Europe
181Croatia1.4544.2914,105,267-0.61Europe
193Greece1.3045.55010,423,054-0.48Europe
192Italy1.3347.28860,461,826-0.15Europe
182Malta1.4542.596441,5430.27Europe
150Montenegro1.7538.800628,0660.01Europe
177North Macedonia1.5039.1382,083,3740.00Europe
194Portugal1.2946.15810,196,709-0.29Europe
179Serbia1.4641.5758,737,371-0.40Europe
166Slovenia1.6044.5392,078,9380.01Europe
190Spain1.3344.85846,754,7780.04Europe
174Austria1.5343.4839,006,3980.57Europe
155Belgium1.7141.92811,589,6230.44Europe
137France1.8542.33865,273,5110.22Europe
167Germany1.5945.74483,783,9420.32Europe
180Luxembourg1.4539.729625,9781.66Europe
159Netherlands1.6643.31417,134,8720.22Europe
170Switzerland1.5443.0538,654,6220.74Europe
171Canada1.5341.12437,742,1540.89North America
142United States of America1.7838.308331,002,6510.59North America
World 2.47 30.904 7,794,798,739 1.05
Fertility rate (The World Factbook)
Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Year
1Niger7.00(2020 est.)
2Angola5.96(2020 est.)
3Congo, Democratic Republic Of The5.77(2020 est.)
4Mali5.72(2020 est.)
5Chad5.68(2020 est.)
6Uganda5.54(2020 est.)
7South Sudan5.54(2020 est.)
8Benin5.53(2020 est.)
9Somalia5.51(2020 est.)
10Zambia5.49(2020 est.)
11Malawi5.31(2020 est.)
12Burundi5.28(2020 est.)
13Mozambique4.97(2020 est.)
14Guinea4.92(2020 est.)
15Liberia4.90(2020 est.)
16Afghanistan4.82(2020 est.)
17Guinea-bissau4.75(2020 est.)
18Nigeria4.72(2020 est.)
19Sudan4.72(2020 est.)
20Cameroon4.66(2020 est.)
21Sierra Leone4.62(2020 est.)
22Tanzania4.59(2020 est.)
23Burkina Faso4.51(2020 est.)
24Congo, Republic Of The4.45(2020 est.)
25Timor-leste4.44(2020 est.)
26Togo4.22(2020 est.)
27Ethiopia4.14(2020 est.)
28Central African Republic4.14(2020 est.)
29Equatorial Guinea4.11(2020 est.)
30Senegal4.04(2020 est.)
31Zimbabwe3.93(2020 est.)
32Ghana3.90(2020 est.)
33Sao Tome And Principe3.82(2020 est.)
34Madagascar3.78(2020 est.)
35Eritrea3.73(2020 est.)
36Cote D'ivoire3.67(2020 est.)
37Western Sahara3.65(2020 est.)
38Mauritania3.65(2020 est.)
39Gaza Strip3.64(2020 est.)
40Pakistan3.60(2020 est.)
41Rwanda3.52(2020 est.)
42Kenya3.43(2020 est.)
43Gabon3.41(2020 est.)
44Iraq3.39(2020 est.)
45Egypt3.29(2020 est.)
46Gambia, The3.21(2020 est.)
47Yemen3.20(2020 est.)
48Libya3.17(2020 est.)
49Namibia3.07(2020 est.)
50West Bank3.07(2020 est.)
51Jordan3.04(2020 est.)
52Solomon Islands2.97(2020 est.)
53Comoros2.95(2020 est.)
54Philippines2.92(2020 est.)
55Syria2.90(2020 est.)
56Tuvalu2.88(2020 est.)
57Tonga2.87(2020 est.)
58Marshall Islands2.86(2020 est.)
59Papua New Guinea2.84(2020 est.)
60Guam2.84(2020 est.)
61Vanuatu2.79(2020 est.)
62Oman2.76(2020 est.)
63Guatemala2.72(2020 est.)
64Belize2.70(2020 est.)
65Northern Mariana Islands2.70(2020 est.)
66Nauru2.68(2020 est.)
67Israel2.59(2020 est.)
68Algeria2.59(2020 est.)
69Kyrgyzstan2.54(2020 est.)
70Laos2.53(2020 est.)
71Eswatini2.52(2020 est.)
72Haiti2.52(2020 est.)
73Tajikistan2.51(2020 est.)
74Lesotho2.50(2020 est.)
75Samoa2.50(2020 est.)
76Bolivia2.48(2020 est.)
77Botswana2.45(2020 est.)
78Malaysia2.43(2020 est.)
79Cambodia2.39(2020 est.)
80India2.35(2020 est.)
81American Samoa2.35(2020 est.)
82Faroe Islands2.31(2020 est.)
83Morocco2.31(2020 est.)
84Fiji2.31(2020 est.)
85Micronesia, Federated States Of2.29(2020 est.)
86Kuwait2.26(2020 est.)
87Venezuela2.26(2020 est.)
88Kiribati2.25(2020 est.)
89Dominican Republic2.24(2020 est.)
90Panama2.23(2020 est.)
91South Africa2.22(2020 est.)
92Argentina2.21(2020 est.)
93Mexico2.19(2020 est.)
94Djibouti2.19(2020 est.)
95Kazakhstan2.16(2020 est.)
96Cabo Verde2.16(2020 est.)
97Cook Islands2.12(2020 est.)
98Bangladesh2.11(2020 est.)
99El Salvador2.09(2020 est.)
100Ecuador2.09(2020 est.)
101Honduras2.09(2020 est.)
102Burma2.07(2020 est.)
103Jamaica2.07(2020 est.)
104Tunisia2.06(2020 est.)
105France2.06(2020 est.)
106Peru2.04(2020 est.)
107Indonesia2.04(2020 est.)
108Turkmenistan2.04(2020 est.)
109Virgin Islands2.03(2020 est.)
110Sint Maarten2.02(2020 est.)
111Dominica2.02(2020 est.)
112Sri Lanka2.01(2020 est.)
113Curacao2.00(2020 est.)
114Antigua And Barbuda1.97(2020 est.)
115Iceland1.97(2020 est.)
116Grenada1.96(2020 est.)
117Turkey1.96(2020 est.)
118Nepal1.96(2020 est.)
119Kosovo1.95(2020 est.)
120Mongolia1.95(2020 est.)
121Saudi Arabia1.95(2020 est.)
122Iran1.94(2020 est.)
123Greenland1.94(2020 est.)
124Ireland1.94(2020 est.)
125Colombia1.94(2020 est.)
126Korea, North1.92(2020 est.)
127Bahamas, The1.92(2020 est.)
128Bermuda1.91(2020 est.)
129Isle Of Man1.90(2020 est.)
130Gibraltar1.90(2020 est.)
131Guyana1.89(2020 est.)
132Paraguay1.89(2020 est.)
133Azerbaijan1.88(2020 est.)
134Qatar1.88(2020 est.)
135New Caledonia1.88(2020 est.)
136Costa Rica1.87(2020 est.)
137New Zealand1.87(2020 est.)
138Sweden1.87(2020 est.)
139United Kingdom1.86(2020 est.)
140Suriname1.86(2020 est.)
141United States1.84(2020 est.)
142Norway1.84(2020 est.)
143Cayman Islands1.83(2020 est.)
144French Polynesia1.83(2020 est.)
145Aruba1.83(2020 est.)
146Seychelles1.83(2020 est.)
147Montenegro1.82(2020 est.)
148Nicaragua1.82(2020 est.)
149Bhutan1.82(2020 est.)
150Saint Martin1.81(2020 est.)
151Denmark1.78(2020 est.)
152Uruguay1.77(2020 est.)
153Chile1.77(2020 est.)
154Belgium1.77(2020 est.)
155Netherlands1.77(2020 est.)
156Vietnam1.77(2020 est.)
157Saint Kitts And Nevis1.77(2020 est.)
158Saint Vincent And The Grenadines1.76(2020 est.)
159Brunei1.75(2020 est.)
160Georgia1.75(2020 est.)
161Uzbekistan1.74(2020 est.)
162Australia1.74(2020 est.)
163Anguilla1.74(2020 est.)
164Finland1.74(2020 est.)
165Mauritius1.73(2020 est.)
166Saint Lucia1.73(2020 est.)
167Brazil1.73(2020 est.)
168United Arab Emirates1.73(2020 est.)
169Cuba1.71(2020 est.)
170Lebanon1.71(2020 est.)
171Wallis And Futuna1.71(2020 est.)
172Maldives1.71(2020 est.)
173Trinidad And Tobago1.70(2020 est.)
174Turks And Caicos Islands1.70(2020 est.)
175Palau1.70(2020 est.)
176Liechtenstein1.69(2020 est.)
177Bahrain1.69(2020 est.)
178Barbados1.68(2020 est.)
179Jersey1.67(2020 est.)
180Armenia1.65(2020 est.)
181Saint Barthelemy1.64(2020 est.)
182Luxembourg1.62(2020 est.)
183Estonia1.61(2020 est.)
184China1.60(2020 est.)
185Russia1.60(2020 est.)
186Lithuania1.60(2020 est.)
187Saint Helena, Ascension, And Tristan Da Cunha1.60(2020 est.)
188Slovenia1.59(2020 est.)
189Moldova1.58(2020 est.)
190Saint Pierre And Miquelon1.58(2020 est.)
191Switzerland1.57(2020 est.)
192Guernsey1.57(2020 est.)
193Canada1.57(2020 est.)
194Ukraine1.56(2020 est.)
195Monaco1.55(2020 est.)
196Thailand1.54(2020 est.)
197Latvia1.53(2020 est.)
198Albania1.53(2020 est.)
199San Marino1.52(2020 est.)
200Spain1.51(2020 est.)
201Belarus1.50(2020 est.)
202North Macedonia1.50(2020 est.)
203Malta1.49(2020 est.)
204Bulgaria1.49(2020 est.)
205Austria1.49(2020 est.)
206Cyprus1.48(2020 est.)
207Czechia1.48(2020 est.)
208Germany1.47(2020 est.)
209Hungary1.47(2020 est.)
210Italy1.47(2020 est.)
211Serbia1.46(2020 est.)
212Slovakia1.44(2020 est.)
213Andorra1.43(2020 est.)
214Japan1.43(2020 est.)
215Croatia1.42(2020 est.)
216Portugal1.41(2020 est.)
217Greece1.38(2020 est.)
218Romania1.38(2020 est.)
219Poland1.38(2020 est.)
220Montserrat1.36(2020 est.)
221Bosnia And Herzegovina1.33(2020 est.)
222British Virgin Islands1.33(2020 est.)
223Korea, South1.29(2020 est.)
224Puerto Rico1.24(2020 est.)
225Hong Kong1.21(2020 est.)
226Taiwan1.14(2020 est.)
227Macau0.96(2020 est.)
228Singapore0.87(2020 est.)
-Christmas Island--
-Cocos (keeling) Islands--
-Falkland Islands (islas Malvinas)--
-Niue--
-Norfolk Island--
-Pitcairn Islands--
-Svalbard--
-Tokelau--