statisticstimes

List of countries by population growth rate

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
Date24 Aug 2021

The Syrian Arab Republic would have the highest population growth rate of 4.43% in 2021. Among the top ten fastest-growing countries/regions, nine are located in Africa and one in Asia. Seven countries have growth rates above 3%. In the 48 countries/dependent territories with a population growth rate above 2%, 45 entrants belong to Africa (37) and Asia (8) continent.

Wallis and Futuna Islands would have the lowest growth rate of -1.35%. Apart from Wallis and Futuna Islands, the Population of Lithuania, Puerto Rico, and Latvia would decline by above 1 %. Out of 36 countries and dependent territories with a negative growth rate, 22 belong to Europe, eight belong to North America, and three belong to Asia and Oceania.

In the past five years (2016-2020), with 22.6%, the Population of Bahrain has grown fastest, followed by Niger and Falkland Islands, having grown over 20%. Out of 28 countries which population has shrunk between 2016 and 2020, 17 are in Europe; six are in North America, two each in Asia and Oceania, and one in South America.

Since 1950, the population of the United Arab Emirates and Qatar has grown by over 10,000%. The population of the United Arab Emirates has increased from 70 k in 1950 to 10 mn in 2021, while the population of Qatar has increased from 25 k in 1950 to 3 mn in 2021. Fourteen countries have a growth rate above 1,000% between 1950-2020. There are six countries/dependent territories where the current population is less than in 1950: Niue, Montserrat, Tokelau, Holy See, Bulgaria, and Latvia. The first four are very low populated as no of people living is less than 5,000 in 2021.

  • 2021
  • 2016-2021
  • 1950-2021
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Population growth rate (UN)
Country/Region 2021 2016-2021 1950-2021 Continent
PopulationGrowth (%)RankGrowth (%) RankGrowth (%)Rank
Burundi12,255,4293.07616.858430.7868Africa
Comoros888,4562.174611.6747457.1759Africa
Djibouti1,002,1971.44747.87771516.458Africa
Eritrea3,601,4621.55676.6692337.9598Africa
Ethiopia117,876,2262.532713.7828550.2443Africa
Kenya54,985,7022.264312.1046804.8520Africa
Madagascar28,427,3332.662214.1925596.1435Africa
Malawi19,647,6812.711814.2024565.1539Africa
Mauritius1,273,4280.131930.92191158.17153Africa
Mayotte279,5072.453113.41351746.397Africa
Mozambique32,163,0452.901415.5715439.7465Africa
Réunion901,6960.711403.67144263.42121Africa
Rwanda13,276,5172.502913.7827507.2950Africa
Seychelles98,9100.581523.34149172.29147Africa
Somalia16,359,5002.931115.3216622.5732Africa
South Sudan11,381,3771.68625.07120358.5088Africa
Uganda47,123,5333.02718.855813.5719Africa
United Republic of Tanzania61,498,4382.951015.9312703.9324Africa
Zambia18,920,6572.921215.6314718.9222Africa
Zimbabwe15,092,1711.54707.5779449.4462Africa
Angola33,933,6113.25417.656646.1229Africa
Cameroon27,224,2622.562513.7826532.0946Africa
Central African Republic4,919,9871.87558.4371270.86118Africa
Chad16,914,9852.98916.1610575.9738Africa
Congo5,657,0172.522813.5732583.8437Africa
Democratic Republic of the Congo92,377,9863.14517.257658.2128Africa
Equatorial Guinea1,449,8913.34319.314542.8844Africa
Gabon2,278,8292.393713.4934381.4884Africa
Sao Tome and Principe223,3641.92539.9159272.29116Africa
Botswana2,397,2401.945010.9950481.0955Africa
Eswatini1,172,3691.051045.24116329.4499Africa
Lesotho2,159,0670.781344.05137206.39136Africa
Namibia2,587,3441.83599.7260403.0077Africa
South Africa60,041,9961.24906.8289340.5695Africa
Benin12,451,0312.701914.5221452.1061Africa
Burkina Faso21,497,0972.841515.2917401.7580Africa
Cabo Verde561,9011.061035.79106215.56131Africa
Côte d'Ivoire27,053,6292.562413.5633928.6016Africa
Gambia2,486,9372.911315.7213715.6723Africa
Ghana31,732,1282.124711.4148530.0947Africa
Guinea13,497,2372.781614.9818347.9891Africa
Guinea-Bissau2,015,4902.413513.0836276.42115Africa
Liberia5,180,2082.423312.9438457.0060Africa
Mali20,855,7242.99816.0911342.9493Africa
Mauritania4,775,1102.702114.6920633.0231Africa
Niger25,130,8103.82220.892881.7917Africa
Nigeria211,400,7042.552613.6829458.3858Africa
Saint Helena6,0950.401682.3016816.12225Africa
Senegal17,196,3082.702014.6919591.5536Africa
Sierra Leone8,141,3432.064811.0949298.85105Africa
Togo8,478,2422.413612.8939507.5649Africa
Algeria44,616,6261.756010.0257402.8878Africa
Egypt104,258,3271.885410.3953409.7773Africa
Libya6,958,5381.27877.1886518.8048Africa
Morocco37,344,7871.18956.32100315.59103Africa
Sudan44,909,3512.423412.7040683.2426Africa
Tunisia11,935,7640.991095.59110231.06128Africa
Western Sahara611,8722.433213.57314345.773Africa
Armenia2,968,1280.171881.09187119.29165Asia
Azerbaijan10,223,3440.831265.01122249.17125Asia
Bahrain1,748,2952.751722.6211412.219Asia
Cyprus1,215,5880.681433.88139146.06157Asia
Georgia3,979,773-0.24215-0.8921612.84226Asia
Iraq41,179,3512.383912.4844620.0233Asia
Israel8,789,7761.55688.4072598.7334Asia
Jordan10,269,0220.651467.48812033.526Asia
Kuwait4,328,5531.36829.39622727.225Asia
Lebanon6,769,151-0.822310.82192407.2075Asia
Oman5,223,3762.294216.6191044.4513Asia
Qatar2,930,5241.726110.405211619.282Asia
Saudi Arabia35,340,6801.51718.93641032.2314Asia
State of Palestine5,222,7562.384012.6741460.4357Asia
Syrian Arab Republic18,275,7044.4314.64129435.4267Asia
Turkey85,042,7360.831256.5393297.24107Asia
United Arab Emirates9,991,0831.021076.739114256.241Asia
Yemen30,490,6392.234412.2345554.1341Asia
Kazakhstan18,994,9581.16986.5394183.38142Asia
Kyrgyzstan6,628,3471.60659.1263280.94114Asia
Tajikistan9,749,6252.224512.5443536.6045Asia
Turkmenistan6,117,9331.44738.0573405.2076Asia
Uzbekistan33,935,7651.39777.9374441.7564Asia
Afghanistan39,835,4282.334112.5842413.8772Asia
Bangladesh166,303,4940.981105.27115338.8696Asia
Bhutan779,9001.071015.86105341.1394Asia
India1,393,409,0330.971125.20117270.27119Asia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)85,028,7601.23916.8788396.6881Asia
Maldives543,6200.5715414.3223637.4530Asia
Nepal29,674,9201.85578.8566249.80124Asia
Pakistan225,199,9291.954910.5951499.8651Asia
Sri Lanka21,497,3060.391692.26170169.69148Asia
China1,444,216,1020.341752.13172160.49152Asia
China, Hong Kong SAR7,552,8000.741364.27135282.61112Asia
China, Macao SAR658,3911.39787.4482235.11127Asia
China, Taiwan Province of China23,855,0080.161891.00188213.78133Asia
Dem. People's Republic of Korea25,887,0450.421642.29169145.39158Asia
Japan126,050,796-0.34221-1.3422052.23197Asia
Mongolia3,329,2821.56668.9365326.72102Asia
Republic of Korea51,305,1840.071960.63196167.06150Asia
Brunei Darussalam441,5320.931165.18118819.6918Asia
Cambodia16,946,4461.36817.4980282.30113Asia
Indonesia276,361,7881.041055.66108297.40106Asia
Lao People's Democratic Republic7,379,3581.43757.7978338.4997Asia
Malaysia32,776,1951.27886.8290436.4466Asia
Myanmar54,806,0140.731373.32150208.25135Asia
Philippines111,046,9101.34837.1287497.6552Asia
Singapore5,896,6840.791334.30134476.9256Asia
Thailand69,950,8440.221851.42183237.76126Asia
Timor-Leste1,343,8751.935110.2255224.02129Asia
Viet Nam98,168,8290.851244.84125295.68109Asia
Anguilla15,1250.821284.78127195.29138North America
Antigua and Barbuda98,7280.821304.45131116.91167North America
Aruba107,1950.401672.22171181.71143North America
Bahamas396,9140.931155.03121401.8579North America
Barbados287,7080.121940.6719436.36205North America
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba26,4450.851235.71107270.95117North America
British Virgin Islands30,4230.621483.64145309.08104North America
Cayman Islands66,4981.18946.29101936.4415North America
Cuba11,317,498-0.08207-0.1621091.17173North America
Curaçao164,7960.421622.3216664.50186North America
Dominica72,1720.251811.2118441.24202North America
Dominican Republic10,953,7140.981115.35114363.2387North America
Grenada113,0150.441612.5016247.38198North America
Guadeloupe400,013-0.032040.0620690.48174North America
Haiti11,541,6831.22936.4796258.30123North America
Jamaica2,973,4620.421652.31167111.95169North America
Martinique374,743-0.14210-0.5421468.80180North America
Montserrat4,981-0.362220.06207-63.17234North America
Puerto Rico2,828,246-1.14233-13.8523527.51213North America
Saint Barthélemy9,9090.241821.68178396.4482North America
Saint Kitts and Nevis53,5460.671453.7114316.27224North America
Saint Lucia184,4010.421632.43165122.75164North America
Saint Martin (French part)39,2391.50728.81671208.4010North America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines111,2690.291781.6517966.08184North America
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)43,4211.26896.39982814.164North America
Trinidad and Tobago1,403,3740.281801.87174117.37166North America
Turks and Caicos Islands39,2261.31857.3083677.6827North America
United States Virgin Islands104,218-0.20214-0.58215288.99110North America
Belize404,9151.83589.9158487.5653North America
Costa Rica5,139,0530.881194.89124443.4263North America
El Salvador6,518,5000.501562.55160196.31137North America
Guatemala18,249,8681.875610.0556485.8854North America
Honduras10,062,9941.60648.5568550.6042North America
Mexico130,262,2201.031065.62109366.1486North America
Nicaragua6,702,3791.17976.3299417.5670North America
Panama4,381,5831.55698.5369409.6974North America
Argentina45,605,8230.911184.82126167.67149South America
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)11,832,9361.37807.2684283.96111South America
Brazil213,993,4410.671443.80142296.47108South America
Chile19,212,3620.501555.51112191.16139South America
Colombia51,265,8410.751356.4297327.87101South America
Ecuador17,888,4741.39798.4770415.4971South America
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)3,5281.298620.57356.52190South America
French Guiana306,4502.602314.42221102.5212South America
Guyana790,3290.481572.4616394.39172South America
Paraguay7,219,6411.22926.5295390.0583South America
Peru33,359,4161.18967.8776328.92100South America
Suriname591,7980.881204.76128175.26146South America
Uruguay3,485,1520.331761.7817755.69193South America
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)28,704,9470.95114-3.84231423.6269South America
Australia25,788,2171.13996.29102215.36132Oceania
New Zealand4,860,6420.801324.32133154.75155Oceania
Fiji902,8990.721383.50146212.43134Oceania
New Caledonia288,2170.951135.12119344.6292Oceania
Papua New Guinea9,119,0051.925210.2454355.4690Oceania
Solomon Islands703,9952.493013.6530684.0225Oceania
Vanuatu314,4642.383812.9837559.3140Oceania
Guam170,1840.831274.44132185.29141Oceania
Kiribati121,3881.63637.8775267.29120Oceania
Marshall Islands59,6180.721393.28152358.4289Oceania
Micronesia (Fed. States of)116,2551.071025.48113263.25122Oceania
Nauru10,8730.361743.81140217.00130Oceania
Northern Mariana Islands57,9100.611493.07153727.6421Oceania
Palau18,1740.451592.57159144.57159Oceania
American Samoa55,103-0.17213-1.14218190.92140Oceania
Cook Islands17,5720.051970.2919916.59222Oceania
French Polynesia282,5340.581512.90155368.7885Oceania
Niue1,614-0.252170.19202-65.41235Oceania
Samoa200,1440.871212.88156143.76160Oceania
Tokelau1,3681.33847.2185-12.98233Oceania
Tonga106,7591.001085.55111126.10163Oceania
Tuvalu11,9251.131006.17103155.03154Oceania
Wallis and Futuna Islands11,094-1.35235-8.3023458.62189Oceania
Belarus9,442,867-0.07206-0.0320821.92216Europe
Bulgaria6,896,655-0.75230-3.57229-4.89231Europe
Czechia10,724,5530.151901.0018920.47218Europe
Hungary9,634,162-0.27218-1.222193.17229Europe
Poland37,797,000-0.13209-0.5121352.26196Europe
Republic of Moldova4,024,025-0.25216-1.0321771.89176Europe
Romania19,127,772-0.57227-3.3822817.81221Europe
Russian Federation145,912,022-0.022020.4419741.94200Europe
Slovakia5,460,7260.021980.3419858.90188Europe
Ukraine43,466,822-0.61229-2.7922616.54223Europe
Channel Islands175,2440.801314.9912371.41177Europe
Denmark5,813,3020.361731.7917636.20206Europe
Estonia1,325,188-0.102080.6619520.36219Europe
Faroe Islands49,0530.381701.8317555.71192Europe
Finland5,548,3610.141920.9219038.42204Europe
Iceland343,3600.621473.36148140.69161Europe
Ireland4,982,9040.911176.1110471.08178Europe
Isle of Man85,4100.441602.5416154.58194Europe
Latvia1,866,934-1.02232-5.44232-3.10230Europe
Lithuania2,689,862-1.19234-6.912334.77228Europe
Norway5,465,6290.821294.0913667.39181Europe
Sweden10,160,1590.601503.3015144.94199Europe
United Kingdom68,207,1140.471582.8815734.75208Europe
Albania2,872,934-0.17212-0.47211127.44162Europe
Andorra77,3540.121950.082051148.0511Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,263,459-0.53226-3.6323022.63215Europe
Croatia4,081,657-0.58228-3.022276.01227Europe
Gibraltar33,6910.00199-0.1420952.92195Europe
Greece10,370,747-0.50225-2.3022435.23207Europe
Holy See8120.371712.65158-10.38232Europe
Italy60,367,471-0.16211-0.4921229.55211Europe
Malta442,7900.281791.5318141.92201Europe
Montenegro628,051-0.002000.1220359.11187Europe
North Macedonia2,082,662-0.032050.0920466.02185Europe
Portugal10,167,923-0.28219-1.5322120.80217Europe
San Marino34,0100.211861.51182166.24151Europe
Serbia8,697,547-0.46224-1.7722229.19212Europe
Slovenia2,078,723-0.012010.2220141.11203Europe
Spain46,745,211-0.022030.2420066.53183Europe
Austria9,043,0720.411663.3814730.37210Europe
Belgium11,632,3340.371722.4516434.67209Europe
France65,426,1770.231831.1718556.40191Europe
Germany83,900,4710.141912.0817319.92220Europe
Liechtenstein38,2540.311771.59180178.17144Europe
Luxembourg634,8141.41769.5961114.46168Europe
Monaco39,5200.701423.8114197.60171Europe
Netherlands17,173,0940.221841.1318671.01179Europe
Switzerland8,715,4940.701414.0013886.70175Europe
Bermuda62,092-0.29220-2.0022366.66182North America
Canada38,067,9130.861224.63130177.19145North America
Greenland56,8680.171870.82193147.33156North America
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,771-0.41223-2.7322526.36214North America
United States of America332,915,0740.581533.06154109.64170North America
World 1.05 5.62 207.31