statisticstimes

List of Countries by Sex ratio

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
World Bank
Date08 Sep 2021

The human sex ratio is the number of males for every 100 females in a population. A sex ratio above 100 means there is more males than females. A sex ratio below 100 means there is more females than males. A sex ratio of 100 means there are equal numbers of females and males.

Qatar has the highest sex ratio, with three males per woman, followed by the United Arab Emirates, having 222 men per 100 women. Third-ranked Oman, too, has almost two males per woman. The top three and Bahrain, Maldives, and Kuwait have male to female ratio above 150. In the list of top ten countries having the highest males/females, eight countries belong to Asia and two to Africa.

Hong Kong has the lowest gender ratio of 84.48, followed by Martinique (85.01). Curaçao, Nepal, and Guadeloupe are in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th positions, respectively. In the list of top 10 countries having the highest female to male ratio, five countries are located in Europe, three in North America and two in Asia.

Out of 201 countries/regions estimated by United Nations, 125 have more females than males. Fourteen countries have a male ratio of less than 90, and 41 has less than 95.

The sex ratio at birth in every country is male-biased, ranging from around 101 to 112 boys per 100 girls. Four nations have a sex ratio above or equal to 1.10 at birth, as Azerbaijan has the highest male ratio with 112 male births per 100 female births, and all four belong to Asia.

For the group aged below 15, Namibia has the highest female ratio, with almost 100 males per 100 females. Due to the higher life expectancy of women, men to women ratio is very low for age over 65 years. Men outnumber women in only 14 countries/territories above 65.

  • Total
  • Birth
  • Age group (0-14)
  • Age group (15-64)
  • Age group (65++)
  • Choropleth Map
  • Bubble Map
UN (sex ratio)
Country/Territory Sex ratio (2021) At birth (M/F) M per 100 F by Age group (2021) Continent
M per 100 FRank(2020-25) 0-1415-6565++
Burundi98.547941.03101.55096.94980.503Africa
Comoros101.7881581.05103.671101.61683.927Africa
Djibouti110.3861921.04107.175113.21892.785Africa
Eritrea100.5071381.05104.31999.77578.298Africa
Ethiopia100.1331301.04102.63399.46284.753Africa
Kenya98.7711011.03101.73798.20772.835Africa
Madagascar99.5781101.03101.97098.83884.446Africa
Malawi97.332721.03101.67695.81166.577Africa
Mauritius97.238691.04103.906100.04076.579Africa
Mayotte96.787591.03102.86593.44989.660Africa
Mozambique94.648391.01100.60492.16160.423Africa
Réunion93.769281.03103.28793.48080.949Africa
Rwanda96.747581.03100.85195.60971.734Africa
Seychelles105.1391821.06105.642108.99877.455Africa
Somalia99.4191091.03101.35798.09192.816Africa
South Sudan100.2401341.04102.52899.57984.860Africa
Uganda97.314711.03101.84394.89066.657Africa
United Republic of Tanzania99.9321231.03102.28299.51874.397Africa
Zambia98.103861.03101.88896.72764.706Africa
Zimbabwe91.356201.02100.79987.13856.129Africa
Angola97.939831.03101.03596.04480.614Africa
Cameroon100.0931291.03101.79399.85781.057Africa
Central African Republic98.305881.03101.18298.07865.752Africa
Chad99.7011141.03100.94199.48183.026Africa
Congo99.8681201.03101.87799.76276.208Africa
Democratic Republic of the Congo99.7181151.03101.77698.96383.344Africa
Equatorial Guinea125.4041941.03102.871143.48691.083Africa
Gabon103.5781791.03101.898106.26180.227Africa
Sao Tome and Principe100.1741321.03102.222100.19776.007Africa
Botswana94.160341.03102.37192.46765.950Africa
Eswatini97.030651.03101.45897.59258.345Africa
Lesotho97.528781.03100.335100.39055.719Africa
Namibia94.122331.01100.00293.36057.429Africa
South Africa97.005641.03102.29498.05164.949Africa
Benin99.8281181.04102.92499.12076.257Africa
Burkina Faso99.9831251.05103.63098.93465.430Africa
Cabo Verde100.8181431.03102.545104.29756.731Africa
Côte d'Ivoire101.5861561.03101.044101.525110.876Africa
Gambia98.390891.03101.87595.81594.444Africa
Ghana102.8091741.05104.325102.91485.242Africa
Guinea94.046321.02101.42790.74260.377Africa
Guinea-Bissau95.913491.03101.42693.99462.807Africa
Liberia101.1621481.05104.093100.50280.313Africa
Mali100.4591371.05103.42298.97678.626Africa
Mauritania100.9491451.05103.338100.96575.398Africa
Niger101.1951491.05103.63598.98796.446Africa
Nigeria102.7811731.06104.601102.05689.595Africa
Senegal95.432461.04102.71791.66171.068Africa
Sierra Leone99.6911121.02100.482100.66274.003Africa
Togo99.0861041.02100.61698.83784.267Africa
Algeria102.1121621.05104.252101.64996.962Africa
Egypt102.1061611.06106.042101.95781.961Africa
Libya101.8541591.06105.468101.92881.906Africa
Morocco98.597981.06105.42197.14089.178Africa
Sudan99.8581191.04102.80298.76786.765Africa
Tunisia98.395901.05106.12398.16481.956Africa
Western Sahara109.3521901.03102.023112.002115.734Africa
Armenia88.796121.09112.52187.47464.089Asia
Azerbaijan99.9121221.12113.71098.75173.047Asia
Bahrain184.5441981.04104.650215.582126.802Asia
Cyprus99.9461241.07106.075102.26983.977Asia
Georgia90.994191.06107.97495.40859.234Asia
Iraq102.5181691.06105.768101.99979.911Asia
Israel99.2351061.05105.392100.65381.191Asia
Jordan102.6391711.05104.125102.97186.998Asia
Kuwait158.5371961.04115.347173.146174.888Asia
Lebanon101.4931541.05108.345101.24884.593Asia
Oman193.4651991.05106.806243.56096.910Asia
Qatar299.3282011.04106.263371.616266.925Asia
Saudi Arabia137.1291951.03103.349152.654117.075Asia
State of Palestine102.8771751.05104.628102.69187.313Asia
Syrian Arab Republic100.0561271.05104.07399.58983.094Asia
Turkey97.506771.05104.60098.98073.015Asia
United Arab Emirates222.0092001.04104.202259.095211.675Asia
Yemen101.4901531.05104.058100.85783.091Asia
Kazakhstan94.365351.06106.15295.53655.470Asia
Kyrgyzstan97.882821.06105.00797.95360.400Asia
Tajikistan101.5021551.06105.69999.91585.270Asia
Turkmenistan96.956611.05102.84396.76468.995Asia
Uzbekistan99.5821111.06105.71398.86877.691Asia
Afghanistan105.3331841.06104.876106.64986.886Asia
Bangladesh102.1391641.05104.418101.312101.674Asia
Bhutan113.7011931.04103.323117.010120.651Asia
India108.1471891.10110.287108.89293.764Asia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)101.8861601.05105.313100.594102.643Asia
Maldives171.3091971.07109.154199.164105.293Asia
Nepal85.48841.06102.37879.31283.375Asia
Pakistan106.0101861.09107.714105.291102.750Asia
Sri Lanka91.959221.04102.45892.10973.125Asia
China105.2331831.11114.278106.37288.124Asia
China, Hong Kong SAR84.48311.07110.60079.52387.134Asia
China, Macao SAR92.589231.05105.45690.22792.382Asia
China, Taiwan Province of China98.588971.07107.740100.39885.240Asia
Dem. People's Republic of Korea95.742471.05104.719100.53754.706Asia
Japan95.378441.06105.515103.23977.512Asia
Mongolia96.971621.03102.48896.60769.324Asia
Republic of Korea100.2031331.05105.847105.54476.870Asia
Brunei Darussalam107.6981881.05106.066109.24395.909Asia
Cambodia95.431451.05104.33194.30663.749Asia
Indonesia101.3851511.05104.828101.85784.673Asia
Lao People's Democratic Republic100.7711411.05103.771100.77881.379Asia
Malaysia105.6071851.06106.052106.69094.790Asia
Myanmar93.020241.03101.41792.89367.132Asia
Philippines100.7851421.06105.137101.83071.903Asia
Singapore109.8231911.07106.751113.61794.577Asia
Thailand94.665401.06105.96995.86577.311Asia
Timor-Leste102.1341631.05103.632102.38887.174Asia
Viet Nam99.7301161.10111.617100.73766.373Asia
Antigua and Barbuda93.395261.03102.76991.69185.792North America
Aruba90.173151.05103.58791.23772.859North America
Bahamas94.569371.06103.79594.09877.088North America
Barbados93.927301.04103.26195.62379.954North America
Cuba98.567951.06105.694100.91383.386North America
Curaçao85.28931.05104.41885.00870.540North America
Dominican Republic99.7001131.05104.12499.49387.147North America
Grenada101.4061521.05105.142102.96284.133North America
Guadeloupe85.49451.04104.37984.61073.423North America
Haiti97.431751.05103.55795.99380.133North America
Jamaica98.459921.05103.90397.30893.791North America
Martinique85.00721.04105.33384.77873.655North America
Puerto Rico89.932141.05105.50294.13069.908North America
Saint Lucia96.997631.03102.68695.95994.829North America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines102.4951671.03101.477103.73196.591North America
Trinidad and Tobago97.435761.04103.13098.76481.980North America
United States Virgin Islands90.380171.06103.36891.67976.843North America
Belize98.8191021.03103.02896.823101.708North America
Costa Rica99.7911171.05104.766100.54486.501North America
El Salvador87.910111.05104.57484.42470.230North America
Guatemala97.177681.05104.43995.08379.624North America
Honduras99.8881211.05104.46399.42681.324North America
Mexico95.773481.05104.63994.38681.225North America
Nicaragua97.173671.05105.34796.06573.864North America
Panama100.1641311.05104.463100.45686.416North America
Argentina95.304431.04103.76097.65069.262South America
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)100.6771401.05104.437100.85785.928South America
Brazil96.519541.05104.51797.59575.685South America
Chile97.313701.04103.67499.91276.697South America
Colombia96.463531.05104.67396.47479.601South America
Ecuador100.0211261.05104.52899.96586.201South America
French Guiana97.980851.05104.51995.34692.344South America
Guyana101.3441501.05105.366101.92383.184South America
Paraguay103.2461761.05104.580103.96391.901South America
Peru98.6971001.05101.34499.11188.941South America
Suriname100.9681471.06107.462102.07472.782South America
Uruguay93.553271.05104.55298.48264.577South America
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)96.681561.05104.02496.23778.986South America
Australia99.1831051.05105.355100.23388.692Oceania
New Zealand96.645551.05105.49796.68787.199Oceania
Fiji102.5291701.06104.909103.71781.042Oceania
New Caledonia100.9351441.05104.456101.74588.665Oceania
Papua New Guinea104.3521811.08106.944103.91588.627Oceania
Solomon Islands103.4531781.06106.392102.14492.938Oceania
Vanuatu102.7401721.06106.80799.974105.854Oceania
Guam101.6661571.06105.616104.12680.987Oceania
Kiribati96.806601.05105.81595.16858.016Oceania
Micronesia (Fed. States of)103.3851771.05105.046104.16683.618Oceania
French Polynesia102.5161681.05104.507102.96494.939Oceania
Samoa107.3411871.08108.062109.67780.545Oceania
Tonga100.2491351.05107.69497.86684.399Oceania
Belarus87.171101.06104.42894.77949.464Europe
Bulgaria94.366361.06105.695103.17566.995Europe
Czechia97.051661.06105.580103.60074.009Europe
Hungary90.904181.06105.35899.23161.625Europe
Poland93.981311.06105.218101.25966.485Europe
Republic of Moldova91.786211.06105.74696.28258.822Europe
Romania94.614381.06105.657102.11767.083Europe
Russian Federation86.41291.05105.41692.78750.051Europe
Slovakia94.926411.05104.778101.47566.556Europe
Ukraine86.36981.06106.03293.96450.452Europe
Channel Islands98.108871.06104.615100.69784.601Europe
Denmark98.8261031.06105.575101.66685.792Europe
Estonia90.318161.06106.368102.01553.873Europe
Finland97.364731.05104.795103.15379.268Europe
Iceland100.9651461.05105.244102.03592.089Europe
Ireland98.661991.05105.38098.85889.339Europe
Latvia85.60061.06107.91895.67849.963Europe
Lithuania86.18171.05105.74996.56651.528Europe
Norway102.3211651.06105.798105.84487.528Europe
Sweden100.4411361.06105.687103.62187.466Europe
United Kingdom97.754791.05104.79199.75785.523Europe
Albania103.6211801.08110.905104.67491.815Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina95.929501.05105.750100.51074.998Europe
Croatia93.213251.06106.051100.37068.461Europe
Greece96.406521.06106.549101.01379.556Europe
Italy95.009421.06106.055100.10277.667Europe
Malta100.6601391.06106.821105.26184.901Europe
Montenegro97.836801.06108.492101.46875.037Europe
North Macedonia100.0581281.05106.852103.08281.117Europe
Portugal89.842131.06105.48293.90772.544Europe
Serbia95.976511.06107.020100.56375.149Europe
Slovenia99.2581071.05105.915106.25777.197Europe
Spain96.689571.06106.564101.38577.422Europe
Austria97.384741.05106.318102.02177.822Europe
Belgium98.447911.05106.364102.95579.546Europe
France93.777291.05104.54797.45876.487Europe
Germany97.877811.06106.352103.52778.740Europe
Luxembourg102.4391661.05104.757106.04584.808Europe
Netherlands99.3621081.05105.420102.10787.206Europe
Switzerland98.528931.05105.109101.93583.495Europe
Canada98.581961.06104.769101.01585.844North America
United States of America97.945841.05104.505100.87681.640North America
World 101.678 1.06 106.608 103.052 81.807
World Bank (2017)
RankCountry/territoryFemale (%) Male per 100 Female
1Curacao54.17884.576
2Latvia54.07384.934
3Hong Kong SAR, China54.01585.135
4Lithuania53.92885.432
5Ukraine53.76785.987
6Russian Federation53.52686.824
7Belarus53.46687.034
8Estonia53.14588.163
9El Salvador53.03988.541
10Armenia52.96588.805
11Portugal52.67589.845
12Aruba52.51890.412
13Hungary52.43090.730
14Virgin Islands (U.S.)52.33491.081
15Georgia52.25591.370
16Barbados52.12391.854
17Moldova52.01992.238
18Macao SAR, China52.00192.303
19Antigua and Barbuda51.99992.310
20Sri Lanka51.93892.535
21Puerto Rico51.93192.563
22Croatia51.79693.064
23Poland51.70793.398
24Uruguay51.69293.454
25Eswatini51.57293.904
26Kazakhstan51.56793.922
27Romania51.55193.983
28Nepal51.45794.338
29Lesotho51.44894.369
30Bulgaria51.38994.595
31Slovak Republic51.38694.606
32Namibia51.35194.739
33Zimbabwe51.29494.954
34Italy51.26595.065
35Thailand51.23795.172
36Cambodia51.20795.288
37Japan51.16695.444
38Mozambique51.16095.466
39Myanmar51.15895.475
40Serbia51.13695.557
41Argentina51.05695.862
42St. Lucia51.04695.900
43Bahamas, The51.03695.942
44Austria50.96996.198
45Spain50.96596.212
46Rwanda50.96496.217
47Angola50.96396.221
48South Africa50.92296.379
49Bosnia and Herzegovina50.90796.438
50Senegal50.87096.578
51Brazil50.85596.638
52Czech Republic50.84596.675
53France50.83396.724
54New Zealand50.82696.748
55Colombia50.80096.849
56Guinea-Bissau50.79796.861
57Burundi50.78896.898
58Guatemala50.78396.916
59Greece50.78096.929
60Turkmenistan50.76097.006
61Germany50.75897.014
62Turkey50.75097.045
63Trinidad and Tobago50.73797.094
64Finland50.72297.155
65Seychelles50.72197.155
66Nicaragua50.69897.245
67Kiribati50.69297.270
68Belgium50.68997.280
69Central African Republic50.67797.330
70Montenegro50.66397.382
71United Kingdom50.65997.399
72Tunisia50.59897.637
73Singapore50.59097.667
74Botswana50.57097.745
75Haiti50.55297.817
76Tanzania50.54697.839
77Mauritius50.53797.876
78Mongolia50.53297.892
79Vietnam50.51597.961
80United States50.50498.002
81Gambia, The50.50298.012
82Sierra Leone50.47798.109
83Morocco50.47298.129
84Chile50.46398.165
85Malawi50.46198.172
86Switzerland50.45498.199
87Kyrgyz Republic50.41498.356
88Ireland50.40498.395
89Channel Islands50.40098.411
90Canada50.38298.483
91Zambia50.37998.494
92Slovenia50.34498.632
93Israel50.33098.688
94Kenya50.30098.806
95Denmark50.26298.956
96Venezuela, RB50.26198.961
97Uganda50.25898.973
98Netherlands50.24599.026
99Jamaica50.24299.036
100Belize50.21299.156
101Mexico50.20999.168
102Dominican Republic50.20699.180
103Sao Tome and Principe50.20299.196
104Azerbaijan50.18899.250
105Somalia50.18799.255
106Australia50.18399.272
107Ghana50.17099.321
108Cabo Verde50.17099.323
109Togo50.15199.397
110Uzbekistan50.15199.398
111Honduras50.14099.442
112Madagascar50.13199.479
113Burkina Faso50.12999.485
114Benin50.11999.525
115Lao PDR50.11999.526
116Congo, Dem. Rep.50.10999.566
117Ethiopia50.06999.723
118Peru50.05599.781
119Sudan50.02499.905
120Ecuador50.02299.913
121Macedonia, FYR50.00799.971
122Costa Rica49.986100.055
123Cuba49.979100.085
124Congo, Rep.49.977100.091
125Korea, Rep.49.962100.151
126Mali49.956100.174
127Sweden49.956100.177
128Cameroon49.953100.189
129Chad49.944100.225
130Cyprus49.940100.240
131Bolivia49.938100.250
132South Sudan49.895100.419
133Panama49.891100.435
134Guinea49.860100.560
135Niger49.855100.581
136Lebanon49.838100.649
137Tonga49.834100.665
138Iceland49.825100.701
139Djibouti49.816100.737
140Suriname49.816100.739
141Grenada49.782100.876
142Malta49.777100.896
143Tajikistan49.776100.898
144Luxembourg49.743101.032
145Iran, Islamic Rep.49.711101.164
146Philippines49.674101.312
147Indonesia49.658101.377
148New Caledonia49.622101.523
149Mauritania49.600101.612
150Libya49.590101.652
151Bangladesh49.574101.717
152St. Vincent and the Grenadines49.574101.718
153Comoros49.560101.774
154Liberia49.548101.826
155Norway49.546101.831
156Albania49.520101.937
157Guyana49.518101.946
158Algeria49.498102.027
159Yemen, Rep.49.482102.092
160Syrian Arab Republic49.474102.127
161Egypt, Arab Rep.49.438102.274
162Vanuatu49.400102.428
163Iraq49.377102.524
164Guam49.365102.574
165Jordan49.361102.590
166Cote d'Ivoire49.343102.665
167Nigeria49.326102.732
168West Bank and Gaza49.286102.895
169Paraguay49.277102.936
170Fiji49.236103.103
171Timor-Leste49.218103.177
172Solomon Islands49.162103.409
173Papua New Guinea49.129103.547
174French Polynesia49.080103.747
175Micronesia, Fed. Sts.48.745105.147
176Gabon48.634105.616
177Pakistan48.634105.618
178Brunei Darussalam48.534106.041
179China48.470106.312
180Afghanistan48.467106.328
181Samoa48.403106.597
182Malaysia48.377106.711
183India48.180107.554
184Bhutan46.926113.101
185Equatorial Guinea44.643124.000
186Maldives43.139131.807
187Saudi Arabia42.930132.939
188Kuwait42.579134.860
189Bahrain37.271168.306
190Oman34.156192.775
191United Arab Emirates27.596262.366
192Qatar24.927301.176
193American Samoa--
194Bermuda--
195Nauru--
196Palau--
197Kosovo--
198Liechtenstein--
199St. Kitts and Nevis--
200Cayman Islands--
201British Virgin Islands--
202St. Martin (French part)--
203Gibraltar--
204Turks and Caicos Islands--
205San Marino--
206Isle of Man--
207Andorra--
208Northern Mariana Islands--
209Eritrea--
210Tuvalu--
211Monaco--
212Faroe Islands--
213Sint Maarten (Dutch part)--
214Marshall Islands--
215Greenland--
216Dominica--
World 49.556 101.792