statisticstimes

List of countries by fertility rate

Source UN (World Population Prospects 2019)
The World Factbook
Date20 Apr 2020

The total fertility rate (TFR) or often simply ‘fertility rate’ in a specific year is defined as the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and give birth to children in alignment with the prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

Niger has the highest fertility rate of 6.95 children per woman followed by Somalia at 6.12. 11 countries/regions have TFR above 5. 40 countries/territories have fertility rate over 4 in which first 22 and total 37 belong to Africa. Afghanistan, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste are the remaining three.

Out of 201 countries and dependent territories estimated by UN, 109 have fertility rate more than population replacement level of 2.1 births per woman. Replacement fertility is the total fertility rate at which women give birth to enough babies to sustain population levels.

First 4 entrants having lowest fertility rate in Asia : Republic of Korea (1.11), Taiwan (1.15), Macao (1.20) and Singapore (1.21). Puerto Rico, which is located in North America has 5th lowest figure followed by five European country.

Countries with higher fertility rate tend to have lower median age and higher population growth rate. In the list of top 50 countries by higher fertility rate, all have median age below 23 years and only one has population growth rate below 1% and 8 have below 2%. In the list of top 50 countries by lowest fertility rate, only two have median age less than 35 years and only three have population growth rate over 1%.

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Fertility rate (UN)
Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Median age Population Continent
2015-20Years (2020)2020Growth (%)
7Burundi5.4517.32012,255,4293.07Africa
35Comoros4.2420.370888,4562.17Africa
74Djibouti2.7626.5701,002,1971.44Africa
38Eritrea4.1019.2093,601,4621.55Africa
33Ethiopia4.3019.466117,876,2262.53Africa
54Kenya3.5220.11954,985,7022.26Africa
36Madagascar4.1119.56828,427,3332.66Africa
34Malawi4.2518.08019,647,6812.71Africa
187Mauritius1.3937.4571,273,4280.13Africa
45Mayotte3.7320.073279,5072.45Africa
13Mozambique4.8917.62032,163,0452.90Africa
99Réunion2.2735.895901,6960.71Africa
39Rwanda4.1020.03913,276,5172.50Africa
82Seychelles2.4634.18198,9100.58Africa
2Somalia6.1216.68316,359,5002.93Africa
17South Sudan4.7419.04011,381,3771.68Africa
11Uganda5.0116.73347,123,5333.02Africa
12United Republic of Tanzania4.9217.99261,498,4382.95Africa
19Zambia4.6617.59218,920,6572.92Africa
48Zimbabwe3.6318.66815,092,1711.54Africa
6Angola5.5516.67733,933,6113.25Africa
21Cameroon4.6018.68827,224,2622.56Africa
15Central African Republic4.7517.6114,919,9871.87Africa
5Chad5.8016.55416,914,9852.98Africa
26Congo4.4519.2045,657,0172.52Africa
3Democratic Republic of the Congo5.9616.98892,377,9863.14Africa
24Equatorial Guinea4.5522.3351,449,8913.34Africa
40Gabon4.0022.5112,278,8292.39Africa
29Sao Tome and Principe4.3518.612223,3641.92Africa
68Botswana2.8924.0442,397,2401.94Africa
62Eswatini3.0320.7291,172,3691.05Africa
58Lesotho3.1624.0102,159,0670.78Africa
55Namibia3.4221.8322,587,3441.83Africa
89South Africa2.4127.62160,041,9961.24Africa
14Benin4.8718.78112,451,0312.70Africa
10Burkina Faso5.2317.55121,497,0972.84Africa
96Cabo Verde2.2927.604561,9011.06Africa
18Côte d'Ivoire4.6818.85427,053,6292.56Africa
9Gambia5.2517.8442,486,9372.91Africa
42Ghana3.8921.50731,732,1282.12Africa
16Guinea4.7418.02013,497,2372.78Africa
25Guinea-Bissau4.5118.8332,015,4902.41Africa
31Liberia4.3519.4115,180,2082.42Africa
4Mali5.9216.34720,855,7242.99Africa
22Mauritania4.5920.1144,775,1102.70Africa
1Niger6.9515.15125,130,8103.82Africa
8Nigeria5.4218.064211,400,7042.55Africa
20Senegal4.6518.51417,196,3082.70Africa
32Sierra Leone4.3219.4028,141,3432.06Africa
30Togo4.3519.3508,478,2422.41Africa
60Algeria3.0528.52144,616,6261.75Africa
57Egypt3.3324.606104,258,3271.88Africa
101Libya2.2528.8176,958,5381.27Africa
87Morocco2.4229.53837,344,7871.18Africa
28Sudan4.4319.65944,909,3512.42Africa
104Tunisia2.2032.83511,935,7640.99Africa
90Western Sahara2.4128.424611,8722.43Africa
145Armenia1.7635.3742,968,1280.17Asia
112Azerbaijan2.0832.33310,223,3440.83Asia
120Bahrain2.0032.4561,748,2952.75Asia
189Cyprus1.3437.2501,215,5880.68Asia
115Georgia2.0638.2683,979,773-0.24Asia
46Iraq3.6821.04041,179,3512.38Asia
61Israel3.0430.4848,789,7761.55Asia
72Jordan2.7723.77110,269,0220.65Asia
109Kuwait2.1036.7814,328,5531.36Asia
110Lebanon2.0929.5636,769,151-0.82Asia
65Oman2.9330.6045,223,3762.29Asia
134Qatar1.8832.2642,930,5241.72Asia
92Saudi Arabia2.3431.79735,340,6801.51Asia
47State of Palestine3.6720.7695,222,7562.38Asia
69Syrian Arab Republic2.8425.62118,275,7044.43Asia
111Turkey2.0831.54985,042,7360.83Asia
185United Arab Emirates1.4232.6219,991,0831.02Asia
43Yemen3.8420.22130,490,6392.23Asia
73Kazakhstan2.7630.68218,994,9581.16Asia
63Kyrgyzstan3.0026.0346,628,3471.60Asia
49Tajikistan3.6122.4169,749,6252.22Asia
70Turkmenistan2.7926.9376,117,9331.44Asia
85Uzbekistan2.4327.80933,935,7651.39Asia
23Afghanistan4.5618.43839,835,4282.33Asia
118Bangladesh2.0527.567166,303,4940.98Asia
121Bhutan2.0028.144779,9001.07Asia
102India2.2428.4261,393,409,0330.97Asia
107Iran (Islamic Republic of)2.1531.97285,028,7601.23Asia
133Maldives1.8829.906543,6200.57Asia
127Nepal1.9324.63329,674,9201.85Asia
53Pakistan3.5522.782225,199,9291.95Asia
103Sri Lanka2.2133.95021,497,3060.39Asia
156China1.6938.4221,444,216,1020.34Asia
191China, Hong Kong SAR1.3344.7907,552,8000.74Asia
199China, Macao SAR1.2039.267658,3911.39Asia
200China, Taiwan Province of China1.1542.45523,855,0080.16Asia
128Dem. People's Republic of Korea1.9135.33825,887,0450.42Asia
188Japan1.3748.358126,050,796-0.34Asia
66Mongolia2.9028.1813,329,2821.56Asia
201Republic of Korea1.1143.73451,305,1840.07Asia
135Brunei Darussalam1.8532.308441,5320.93Asia
78Cambodia2.5225.63116,946,4461.36Asia
95Indonesia2.3229.744276,361,7881.04Asia
76Lao People's Democratic Republic2.7024.3707,379,3581.43Asia
119Malaysia2.0130.26232,776,1951.27Asia
105Myanmar2.1728.98354,806,0140.73Asia
77Philippines2.5825.687111,046,9101.34Asia
198Singapore1.2142.2265,896,6840.79Asia
173Thailand1.5340.10269,950,8440.22Asia
37Timor-Leste4.1020.7951,343,8751.93Asia
114Viet Nam2.0632.49098,168,8290.85Asia
122Antigua and Barbuda2.0033.97698,7280.82North America
129Aruba1.9041.034107,1950.40North America
148Bahamas1.7632.250396,9140.93North America
163Barbados1.6240.493287,7080.12North America
164Cuba1.6242.21111,317,498-0.08North America
147Curaçao1.7641.561164,7960.42North America
91Dominican Republic2.3628.00210,953,7140.98North America
113Grenada2.0731.982113,0150.44North America
106Guadeloupe2.1743.698400,013-0.03North America
64Haiti2.9624.00811,541,6831.22North America
123Jamaica1.9930.7252,973,4620.42North America
132Martinique1.8847.032374,743-0.14North America
197Puerto Rico1.2244.4672,828,246-1.14North America
184Saint Lucia1.4434.495184,4010.42North America
130Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.9032.894111,2690.29North America
152Trinidad and Tobago1.7336.1761,403,3740.28North America
117United States Virgin Islands2.0542.583104,218-0.20North America
94Belize2.3225.482404,9151.83North America
146Costa Rica1.7633.4625,139,0530.88North America
116El Salvador2.0527.5526,518,5000.50North America
67Guatemala2.9022.88118,249,8681.87North America
79Honduras2.4924.34410,062,9941.60North America
108Mexico2.1429.171130,262,2201.03North America
88Nicaragua2.4226.4646,702,3791.17North America
81Panama2.4729.6774,381,5831.55North America
100Argentina2.2731.53245,605,8230.91South America
75Bolivia (Plurinational State of)2.7525.56011,832,9361.37South America
151Brazil1.7433.481213,993,4410.67South America
160Chile1.6535.33919,212,3620.50South America
140Colombia1.8231.30751,265,8410.75South America
84Ecuador2.4427.93017,888,4741.39South America
56French Guiana3.3625.081306,4502.60South America
80Guyana2.4726.687790,3290.48South America
83Paraguay2.4526.3087,219,6411.22South America
98Peru2.2730.98433,359,4161.18South America
86Suriname2.4328.988591,7980.88South America
124Uruguay1.9835.7603,485,1520.33South America
97Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)2.2829.59228,704,9470.95South America
139Australia1.8337.87525,788,2171.13Oceania
131New Zealand1.9037.9734,860,6420.80Oceania
71Fiji2.7927.930902,8990.72Oceania
125New Caledonia1.9733.616288,2170.95Oceania
50Papua New Guinea3.5922.4229,119,0051.92Oceania
27Solomon Islands4.4419.889703,9952.49Oceania
44Vanuatu3.8021.112314,4642.38Oceania
93Guam2.3231.373170,1840.83Oceania
51Kiribati3.5823.040121,3881.63Oceania
59Micronesia (Fed. States of)3.0824.362116,2551.07Oceania
126French Polynesia1.9533.596282,5340.58Oceania
41Samoa3.9021.835200,1440.87Oceania
52Tonga3.5822.415106,7591.00Oceania
154Belarus1.7140.3359,442,867-0.07Europe
169Bulgaria1.5644.5966,896,655-0.75Europe
161Czechia1.6443.20310,724,5530.15Europe
178Hungary1.4943.3369,634,162-0.27Europe
186Poland1.4241.67837,797,000-0.13Europe
196Republic of Moldova1.2637.5974,024,025-0.25Europe
165Romania1.6243.17119,127,772-0.57Europe
141Russian Federation1.8239.586145,912,022-0.02Europe
176Slovakia1.5041.2495,460,7260.02Europe
183Ukraine1.4441.17843,466,822-0.61Europe
175Channel Islands1.5042.552175,2440.80Europe
144Denmark1.7642.2985,813,3020.36Europe
168Estonia1.5942.4241,325,188-0.10Europe
172Finland1.5343.1285,548,3610.14Europe
143Iceland1.7737.491343,3600.62Europe
138Ireland1.8438.2464,982,9040.91Europe
153Latvia1.7243.9411,866,934-1.02Europe
158Lithuania1.6745.0512,689,862-1.19Europe
157Norway1.6839.8365,465,6290.82Europe
136Sweden1.8541.07810,160,1590.60Europe
149United Kingdom1.7540.46768,207,1140.47Europe
162Albania1.6236.3992,872,934-0.17Europe
195Bosnia and Herzegovina1.2743.1083,263,459-0.53Europe
181Croatia1.4544.2914,081,657-0.58Europe
193Greece1.3045.55010,370,747-0.50Europe
192Italy1.3347.28860,367,471-0.16Europe
182Malta1.4542.596442,7900.28Europe
150Montenegro1.7538.800628,051-0.00Europe
177North Macedonia1.5039.1382,082,662-0.03Europe
194Portugal1.2946.15810,167,923-0.28Europe
179Serbia1.4641.5758,697,547-0.46Europe
166Slovenia1.6044.5392,078,723-0.01Europe
190Spain1.3344.85846,745,211-0.02Europe
174Austria1.5343.4839,043,0720.41Europe
155Belgium1.7141.92811,632,3340.37Europe
137France1.8542.33865,426,1770.23Europe
167Germany1.5945.74483,900,4710.14Europe
180Luxembourg1.4539.729634,8141.41Europe
159Netherlands1.6643.31417,173,0940.22Europe
170Switzerland1.5443.0538,715,4940.70Europe
171Canada1.5341.12438,067,9130.86North America
142United States of America1.7838.308332,915,0740.58North America
World 2.47 30.904 7,874,965,732 1.05
Fertility rate (The World Factbook)
Rank Country/Region Fertility rate Year
1Niger7.00(2020 est.)
2Angola5.96(2020 est.)
3Congo, Democratic Republic Of The5.77(2020 est.)
4Mali5.72(2020 est.)
5Chad5.68(2020 est.)
6Uganda5.54(2020 est.)
7South Sudan5.54(2020 est.)
8Benin5.53(2020 est.)
9Somalia5.51(2020 est.)
10Zambia5.49(2020 est.)
11Malawi5.31(2020 est.)
12Burundi5.28(2020 est.)
13Mozambique4.97(2020 est.)
14Guinea4.92(2020 est.)
15Liberia4.90(2020 est.)
16Afghanistan4.82(2020 est.)
17Guinea-bissau4.75(2020 est.)
18Nigeria4.72(2020 est.)
19Sudan4.72(2020 est.)
20Cameroon4.66(2020 est.)
21Sierra Leone4.62(2020 est.)
22Tanzania4.59(2020 est.)
23Burkina Faso4.51(2020 est.)
24Congo, Republic Of The4.45(2020 est.)
25Timor-leste4.44(2020 est.)
26Togo4.22(2020 est.)
27Ethiopia4.14(2020 est.)
28Central African Republic4.14(2020 est.)
29Equatorial Guinea4.11(2020 est.)
30Senegal4.04(2020 est.)
31Zimbabwe3.93(2020 est.)
32Ghana3.90(2020 est.)
33Sao Tome And Principe3.82(2020 est.)
34Madagascar3.78(2020 est.)
35Eritrea3.73(2020 est.)
36Cote D'ivoire3.67(2020 est.)
37Western Sahara3.65(2020 est.)
38Mauritania3.65(2020 est.)
39Gaza Strip3.64(2020 est.)
40Pakistan3.60(2020 est.)
41Rwanda3.52(2020 est.)
42Kenya3.43(2020 est.)
43Gabon3.41(2020 est.)
44Iraq3.39(2020 est.)
45Egypt3.29(2020 est.)
46Gambia, The3.21(2020 est.)
47Yemen3.20(2020 est.)
48Libya3.17(2020 est.)
49Namibia3.07(2020 est.)
50West Bank3.07(2020 est.)
51Jordan3.04(2020 est.)
52Solomon Islands2.97(2020 est.)
53Comoros2.95(2020 est.)
54Philippines2.92(2020 est.)
55Syria2.90(2020 est.)
56Tuvalu2.88(2020 est.)
57Tonga2.87(2020 est.)
58Marshall Islands2.86(2020 est.)
59Papua New Guinea2.84(2020 est.)
60Guam2.84(2020 est.)
61Vanuatu2.79(2020 est.)
62Oman2.76(2020 est.)
63Guatemala2.72(2020 est.)
64Belize2.70(2020 est.)
65Northern Mariana Islands2.70(2020 est.)
66Nauru2.68(2020 est.)
67Israel2.59(2020 est.)
68Algeria2.59(2020 est.)
69Kyrgyzstan2.54(2020 est.)
70Laos2.53(2020 est.)
71Eswatini2.52(2020 est.)
72Haiti2.52(2020 est.)
73Tajikistan2.51(2020 est.)
74Lesotho2.50(2020 est.)
75Samoa2.50(2020 est.)
76Bolivia2.48(2020 est.)
77Botswana2.45(2020 est.)
78Malaysia2.43(2020 est.)
79Cambodia2.39(2020 est.)
80India2.35(2020 est.)
81American Samoa2.35(2020 est.)
82Faroe Islands2.31(2020 est.)
83Morocco2.31(2020 est.)
84Fiji2.31(2020 est.)
85Micronesia, Federated States Of2.29(2020 est.)
86Kuwait2.26(2020 est.)
87Venezuela2.26(2020 est.)
88Kiribati2.25(2020 est.)
89Dominican Republic2.24(2020 est.)
90Panama2.23(2020 est.)
91South Africa2.22(2020 est.)
92Argentina2.21(2020 est.)
93Mexico2.19(2020 est.)
94Djibouti2.19(2020 est.)
95Kazakhstan2.16(2020 est.)
96Cabo Verde2.16(2020 est.)
97Cook Islands2.12(2020 est.)
98Bangladesh2.11(2020 est.)
99El Salvador2.09(2020 est.)
100Ecuador2.09(2020 est.)
101Honduras2.09(2020 est.)
102Burma2.07(2020 est.)
103Jamaica2.07(2020 est.)
104Tunisia2.06(2020 est.)
105France2.06(2020 est.)
106Peru2.04(2020 est.)
107Indonesia2.04(2020 est.)
108Turkmenistan2.04(2020 est.)
109Virgin Islands2.03(2020 est.)
110Sint Maarten2.02(2020 est.)
111Dominica2.02(2020 est.)
112Sri Lanka2.01(2020 est.)
113Curacao2.00(2020 est.)
114Antigua And Barbuda1.97(2020 est.)
115Iceland1.97(2020 est.)
116Grenada1.96(2020 est.)
117Turkey1.96(2020 est.)
118Nepal1.96(2020 est.)
119Kosovo1.95(2020 est.)
120Mongolia1.95(2020 est.)
121Saudi Arabia1.95(2020 est.)
122Iran1.94(2020 est.)
123Greenland1.94(2020 est.)
124Ireland1.94(2020 est.)
125Colombia1.94(2020 est.)
126Korea, North1.92(2020 est.)
127Bahamas, The1.92(2020 est.)
128Bermuda1.91(2020 est.)
129Isle Of Man1.90(2020 est.)
130Gibraltar1.90(2020 est.)
131Guyana1.89(2020 est.)
132Paraguay1.89(2020 est.)
133Azerbaijan1.88(2020 est.)
134Qatar1.88(2020 est.)
135New Caledonia1.88(2020 est.)
136Costa Rica1.87(2020 est.)
137New Zealand1.87(2020 est.)
138Sweden1.87(2020 est.)
139United Kingdom1.86(2020 est.)
140Suriname1.86(2020 est.)
141United States1.84(2020 est.)
142Norway1.84(2020 est.)
143Cayman Islands1.83(2020 est.)
144French Polynesia1.83(2020 est.)
145Aruba1.83(2020 est.)
146Seychelles1.83(2020 est.)
147Montenegro1.82(2020 est.)
148Nicaragua1.82(2020 est.)
149Bhutan1.82(2020 est.)
150Saint Martin1.81(2020 est.)
151Denmark1.78(2020 est.)
152Uruguay1.77(2020 est.)
153Chile1.77(2020 est.)
154Belgium1.77(2020 est.)
155Netherlands1.77(2020 est.)
156Vietnam1.77(2020 est.)
157Saint Kitts And Nevis1.77(2020 est.)
158Saint Vincent And The Grenadines1.76(2020 est.)
159Brunei1.75(2020 est.)
160Georgia1.75(2020 est.)
161Uzbekistan1.74(2020 est.)
162Australia1.74(2020 est.)
163Anguilla1.74(2020 est.)
164Finland1.74(2020 est.)
165Mauritius1.73(2020 est.)
166Saint Lucia1.73(2020 est.)
167Brazil1.73(2020 est.)
168United Arab Emirates1.73(2020 est.)
169Cuba1.71(2020 est.)
170Lebanon1.71(2020 est.)
171Wallis And Futuna1.71(2020 est.)
172Maldives1.71(2020 est.)
173Trinidad And Tobago1.70(2020 est.)
174Turks And Caicos Islands1.70(2020 est.)
175Palau1.70(2020 est.)
176Liechtenstein1.69(2020 est.)
177Bahrain1.69(2020 est.)
178Barbados1.68(2020 est.)
179Jersey1.67(2020 est.)
180Armenia1.65(2020 est.)
181Saint Barthelemy1.64(2020 est.)
182Luxembourg1.62(2020 est.)
183Estonia1.61(2020 est.)
184China1.60(2020 est.)
185Russia1.60(2020 est.)
186Lithuania1.60(2020 est.)
187Saint Helena, Ascension, And Tristan Da Cunha1.60(2020 est.)
188Slovenia1.59(2020 est.)
189Moldova1.58(2020 est.)
190Saint Pierre And Miquelon1.58(2020 est.)
191Switzerland1.57(2020 est.)
192Guernsey1.57(2020 est.)
193Canada1.57(2020 est.)
194Ukraine1.56(2020 est.)
195Monaco1.55(2020 est.)
196Thailand1.54(2020 est.)
197Latvia1.53(2020 est.)
198Albania1.53(2020 est.)
199San Marino1.52(2020 est.)
200Spain1.51(2020 est.)
201Belarus1.50(2020 est.)
202North Macedonia1.50(2020 est.)
203Malta1.49(2020 est.)
204Bulgaria1.49(2020 est.)
205Austria1.49(2020 est.)
206Cyprus1.48(2020 est.)
207Czechia1.48(2020 est.)
208Germany1.47(2020 est.)
209Hungary1.47(2020 est.)
210Italy1.47(2020 est.)
211Serbia1.46(2020 est.)
212Slovakia1.44(2020 est.)
213Andorra1.43(2020 est.)
214Japan1.43(2020 est.)
215Croatia1.42(2020 est.)
216Portugal1.41(2020 est.)
217Greece1.38(2020 est.)
218Romania1.38(2020 est.)
219Poland1.38(2020 est.)
220Montserrat1.36(2020 est.)
221Bosnia And Herzegovina1.33(2020 est.)
222British Virgin Islands1.33(2020 est.)
223Korea, South1.29(2020 est.)
224Puerto Rico1.24(2020 est.)
225Hong Kong1.21(2020 est.)
226Taiwan1.14(2020 est.)
227Macau0.96(2020 est.)
228Singapore0.87(2020 est.)
-Christmas Island--
-Cocos (keeling) Islands--
-Falkland Islands (islas Malvinas)--
-Niue--
-Norfolk Island--
-Pitcairn Islands--
-Svalbard--
-Tokelau--